Map Page 1122 Area 203,850 square mi (527,970 square km) Population 19,349,881 (2003) Capital Sana'a Highest Point the jabal an nabi shu'ayb 12,335 ft (3,760 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $800 Primary Natural Resources negligible.
YEMEN, NO MATTER how it is defined or what its current political structure, has always controlled the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula-the BAB EL MANDEB choke point to and from the RED SEA.
Yemen's neighbors are SAUDI ARABIA and OMAN and the country is about twice the size of WYOMING.
It is the closest point to sub-Saharan Africa (especially DJIBOUTI and ETHIOPIA-with which it has had a long historic association.
It also has been a major caravan route for land trade from the INDIAN OCEAN to the Arabian Peninsula and on to the MEDITERRANEAN SEA.
The recent discovery of the ancient trading city of Ubar was accomplished using remote sensing and satellite images.
In biblical times, Yemen was the home of the queen of Sheba (related to the Sabaean Empire).
In Roman and medieval times, it was the center for the lucrative spice trade, especially frankincense and myrrh.
Today, the Yemen desert country has few natural resources of interest to global powers.
Its primary asset is geopolitical control of the all-important choke point (Bal el Mandeb) for the Red Sea and Suez Canal (and ultimately the Mediterranean).
In modern times, following North Yemen's independence from the OTTOMAN EMPIRE in 1918, the British took control of the area, especially of the key port of Aden.
This was essential for British Empire trade to and from INDIA and the Far East.
British control ended in 1967, and three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation.
The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states.
The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990.
A southern secessionist movement in 1994 was quickly subdued.
- Is it possible to go on vacation to Turkey following the shocks
"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs denies the information that recently emerged saying that the Ministry is planning to ban Russians to enter the country.
There were two explosions that took place in Ankara during the meeting for peace between the Turkish authorities and Kurdistan Workers Party. The terrorist attack claimed the lives of 95 people and 250 people got injured.
Following the attack national media channels have reported that the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs started elaborating recommendations for the Russians not to visit the country which has experienced the terror attacks.
However, on Sunday the rumors were denied by the media saying that this information is found to be untrue.
Experts believe that such decision is justified. Terror attacks took place in the Turkish capital, which is seldom visited by Russians or is not visited at all. Our citizens more often spend their holidays at the Mediterranean Sea resorts or in Istanbul, which are far away from Ankara. "
- The smog has affected tourists’ plans in Thailand
"Several flights were canceled due to the smoke.
The wildfires are storming around in Indonesia, the smoke of which extends 100 km away. Due to the wind direction smog has covered Phuket and Samui, the Thai’s islands. It is said that the smoke is neither life nor health threatening for tourists. There is no burning smell as well. Nevertheless, the tourists are not recommended to go in for sports outdoors. One of the country’s media centre states that the Phuket Island community has sent an open letter to the authorities of Thailand asking about taking steps on the smog elimination. According to what they say, the south part of the country is covered by the poisonous smoke that can cause development of various diseases among the local population. Also the islanders say that smog crashes the tourists’ plans that they cannot fly out because of the flight cancellation. For instance, only five airplanes that took off from Bangkok flying to Phuket and Samui were asked to make a reverse just in the air because of the low visibility conditions. "