Map Page 1124 Area 204,779 square mi (329,560 square km) Population 81,624,716 Capital Hanoi Highest Point 10,315 ft (3,144 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $411 Primary Natural Resources phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite.
THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC of Vietnam was formed into a single country in 1976 when the North and South Vietnam states were united after the withdrawal of American military, which had been engaged in an anticommunist war since the early 1960s.
Vietnam has an elliptical shape that spreads for 1,905 mi (3,219 km) in a north-south direction.
It is located in Southeast Asia, at the easternmost part of the Indo-Chinese peninsula.
To the west lie LAOS and CAMBODIA, and CHINA is to the north.
Vietnam has a long coastline to the east adjoining the China Sea.
The Annamite cordillera to the west and Northern Highlands are the most important mountainous areas of the country.
The mountains, in general, are rugged and heavily forested.
The Red River valley and delta of the north are joined by a narrow north-south coastal plain with the MEKONG RIVER delta in the south; these are essentially agricultural areas.
The northern part of the country has a marked winter season.
Hanoi, the capital in the north, has an average January temperature of 62 degrees F (16 degrees C), but the south has little monthly variation, with a year-round temperature around 80 degrees F (26 degrees C), like that of Hanoi's summer.
The heaviest annual rainfall, over 120 in (305 cm), occurs in the central part of the cordillera, but Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) in the south and Hanoi receive 77 in (195 cm) and 69 in (175 cm) of precipitation, respectively.
Vietnam's Bronze Age civilization dates back to 300 B.C.E.
The Chinese conquered the Red River Delta in 207 B.C.E.
and ruled until 939 C.E., imparting significant elements of Chinese culture.
An indigenous power of the Chams (Kingdom of Champa) thrived in the west coastal plain from 192 through 1471.
The powerful Viets of the Red River Delta migrated southward overpowering the Champs and settling all the way to the Mekong delta.
One-fourth of Vietnam's population lives in urban areas.
Ho Chi Minh City is the largest urban area with a population of 4 million; Hanoi has 3 million.
The major religion of the people is Chinese Confucian Buddhism, though state-sponsored atheism is widely followed.
The government is run as a one-party-rule in a socialist system where the Communist Party controls both the political and the economic apparatus of the country.
Recently, some elements of market economy have been introduced despite some government leaders' apprehension.
Vietnam is mainly an agricultural country, with 63 percent of the population engaged in some form of farming.
Industries are located mainly in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, and Haiphong areas.
Vietnam is a poor country; 37 percent of its population lives below the poverty line.
- Croatia launches a three-minute flight
"Split has become a city with one the shortest flights in the world. A three minute flights links the city air phase with the city centre.
The airline company that has launched the flight is developing the flights between the islands and the mainland of the country. Today the airplane flies to Lastovo, Rab, Korcula, Hvar and Lošinj Islands.
The price for a three minute flight is 149 kuna. The shortest flight is considered to be the one between the Scottish islands, Papa Westray and Westray, which lasts only 2 minutes. "
- The smog has affected tourists’ plans in Thailand
"Several flights were canceled due to the smoke.
The wildfires are storming around in Indonesia, the smoke of which extends 100 km away. Due to the wind direction smog has covered Phuket and Samui, the Thai’s islands. It is said that the smoke is neither life nor health threatening for tourists. There is no burning smell as well. Nevertheless, the tourists are not recommended to go in for sports outdoors. One of the country’s media centre states that the Phuket Island community has sent an open letter to the authorities of Thailand asking about taking steps on the smog elimination. According to what they say, the south part of the country is covered by the poisonous smoke that can cause development of various diseases among the local population. Also the islanders say that smog crashes the tourists’ plans that they cannot fly out because of the flight cancellation. For instance, only five airplanes that took off from Bangkok flying to Phuket and Samui were asked to make a reverse just in the air because of the low visibility conditions. "