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Verona



Introduction of Verona
City and capital of Verona province, Veneto region,92 mi E of Milan, on the Adige River. Strategicallylocated on the route to and from central Europethrough the Brenner Pass, it has always been ofcommercial and military importance. It was originallyinhabited by the Euganeans. Captured by Rome in 89b.c., it later became the chief residence of Theodoricthe Goth, who defeated Odoacer here in a.d. 489. Itbecame an independent republic in 1104 and in 1164joined the Veronese League, which fought againstFrederick I, Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor. Itreached the height of its power in the 14th centurywhen it was ruled by the Ghibelline della Scala family,which was called in to end party strife. Ruled byVenice from 1405 to 1796, it passed back and forthbetween the rule of Austria and France until 1814,when it was given to Austria. It became part of thekingdom of Italy in 1866. During World War II itwas damaged by Allied bombs.It was a great center of the Italian Renaissance,producing the architects Giocondo and Sanmicheleand the artists Pisanello and Paolo Veronese. It has alarge Roman amphitheater. The Roman poet Catullus(87-47 b.c.) and the architect Vitruvius (first centuryb.c.) were born here. Dante spent some of hisexile from Florence here and is commemorated by astatue in the Piazza dei Signori, a fine assemblage ofNorthern Italian Romanesque and Gothic buildings.Other historic sites include the Torre dei Lamberti,the Piazza delle Erbe on the outline of the old Romanforum, the 12th-century Palazzo della Ragione, the12th-century Duomo, and the 14th-century castle.Also here are the tombs of the della Scala and the13th-century House of Juliet, whose legendary affairwith Romeo took place here.City and capital of Verona province, Veneto region,92 mi E of Milan, on the Adige River. Strategicallylocated on the route to and from central Europethrough the Brenner Pass, it has always been ofcommercial and military importance. It was originallyinhabited by the Euganeans. Captured by Rome in 89b.c., it later became the chief residence of Theodoricthe Goth, who defeated Odoacer here in a.d. 489. Itbecame an independent republic in 1104 and in 1164joined the Veronese League, which fought againstFrederick I, Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor. Itreached the height of its power in the 14th centurywhen it was ruled by the Ghibelline della Scala family,which was called in to end party strife. Ruled byVenice from 1405 to 1796, it passed back and forthbetween the rule of Austria and France until 1814,when it was given to Austria. It became part of thekingdom of Italy in 1866. During World War II itwas damaged by Allied bombs.It was a great center of the Italian Renaissance,producing the architects Giocondo and Sanmicheleand the artists Pisanello and Paolo Veronese. It has alarge Roman amphitheater. The Roman poet Catullus(87-47 b.c.) and the architect Vitruvius (first centuryb.c.) were born here. Dante spent some of hisexile from Florence here and is commemorated by astatue in the Piazza dei Signori, a fine assemblage ofNorthern Italian Romanesque and Gothic buildings.Other historic sites include the Torre dei Lamberti,the Piazza delle Erbe on the outline of the old Romanforum, the 12th-century Palazzo della Ragione, the12th-century Duomo, and the 14th-century castle.Also here are the tombs of the della Scala and the13th-century House of Juliet, whose legendary affairwith Romeo took place here.

Verona Images