BOUNDED BY THE Canadian province of Quebec to the north, MASSACHUSETTS to the south, NEW HAMPSHIRE to the east, and NEW YORK to the west, Vermont covers an area of 9,609 square mi (24,887 square km) and is located in the westernmost portion of the New England region of the UNITED STATES.
Its highest point, Mt.
Mansfield, reaches an elevation of 4,393 ft (1,339 m) above sea level, while the state's lowest point, Lake Champlain, is 95 ft (29 m) above sea level.
The name Vermont derives from the French words "vert mont," the English translation of which is used as the state's nickname: Green Mountain.
Such a name is accurate, as Vermont is predominantly a hilly area with nearly two-thirds of the state covered in forest.
The remaining third is covered by uplands, meadows, ponds, lakes, and swampy wetlands.
Among these forests, many different species of trees exist.
Hardwoods such as basswood, beech, and maple are prevalent throughout the state, while conifers, or needle-leaved plants, can be found in elevations over 2,000 ft (609 m).
The most common animal found in Vermont is the white-tailed deer, which thrives in Vermont's vast forests.
Other animals include bears, Canadian lynx, and coyotes, as well as a very sparse population of mountain lions.
Lake Champlain, Vermont's and also New England's largest lake with coverage of roughly 315 square mi (816 square km), serves as the mouth for most of the state's major rivers.
These include Otter Creek, the largest river, which flows about 95 mi (153 km) through northwestern Vermont before emptying into the lake.
Others rivers that follow the same path, but are comparatively smaller, include the Lamoille, the Missisquoi, and the Winooksi rivers.
Vermont can be divided into six distinct geographical regions.
The largest of these, the Green Mountain region, runs north to south in the central portion of the state, and is characterized by the high-peak Green Mountains that rise to several thousand feet above sea level, the most notable of which is Mt.
In the north, the range descends into the Northfield, Worcestor, and other smaller mountain systems.
The Northeast Highlands, located in the northeast corner of Vermont, contain the Granite Mountains.
The tallest of these include the Gore, Burke, and Monadnock mountains, all of which exceed 3,000 ft (914 m) in height.
Dividing the mountains in the Northeast Highlands are swift-flowing streams.
In the southwestern region of Vermont there lies the Taconic Mountain region, which covers only a small portion of the state and extends far beyond into Massachusetts.
The region is known as being the second-most mountainous area in Vermont, with Equinox Mountain (3,816 ft or 1,163 m) and Dorset Peak (3,770 ft or 1,149 m) being its highest peaks.
Bordering Lake Champlain in northeastern Vermont, the Champlain Valley is often called the Vermont Lowlands, and contains fertile farmland, accounting for nearly all of the state's dairy industry.
Champlain Valley's relatively consistent elevation makes it more habitable than any other region in Vermont, as evidenced by Burlington, Vermont's most populated city, being located there.
Covering most of the eastern portion of Vermont is the Western New England Upland, which extends southward into Massachusetts and CONNECTICUT.
With the most fertile soil found outside of the Champlain Valley, the Western New England Upland is sometimes called the Vermont Piedmont, because of the plateau-esque landscape that runs from east to west.
The Vermont Valley, the southernmost and smallest portion of Vermont, is an area mainly consisting of rivers and river valleys.
It takes its name from the fact that it is wedged between the Taconic and Green mountains.
Vermont's climate is typically colder than most of the continental United States, with temperatures nearly 10 degrees F (6 degrees C) below the national average.
In the spring, a mud season occurs, in which the remaining snow and ice precipitation from winter melts, damaging the state's roads.
This is followed by a cool summer and a colorful autumn, when, due to the abundance of sugar maple trees, Vermont's hills explode into a dazzling array of red, gold, and orange foliage.
During the winter, the average temperature is a bitter 21 degrees F (-6 degrees C).
With its abundance of snow-in some mountains 100 in (254 cm) falls every year-Vermont is one of the East Coast's premier skiing destinations.
Vermont traces its history back to 1609, when Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer, claimed the area of what is now known as Lake Champlain.
Following the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the area was ceded to the British, who battled Revolutionaries until the region was declared an independent republic in 1777.
Called New Connecticut initially, Vermont drafted and ratified its own constitution, the first of its kind in North America.
In 1791, however, the constitution became obsolete, as Vermont joined the Union as the 14th state.
- China’s glass-bottom bridge appeared to be not as strong as everybody expected
"The glass on the bottom got cracked just underneath the tourists
It is reported that one of the tourists dropped a metal mug on the bridge floor while visiting this new place of interest. It resulted in a glass crack. When this happened all the tourists were immediately evacuated and the bridge itself was closed to the public.
The representatives of the Shiniuzhai geological park, where the bridge is placed state that the accident didn’t threaten the visitors’ security as there was only 1 of the 3 glass layers that got cracked. The glassmaker also agrees that there was nothing to worry about and the glass cracks don’t pose any risk to the tourists. However, it’s hard to believe, but that is not the first material flaw produced by this company. A year ago the glass floor placed at one of the skyscrapers in Chicago got cracked and was supplied by the same company. "
- You can now apply for Australian Visa through the Internet
"Country entry permit application has become facilitated and the procedure itself takes less time.
Starting from October 1 this year this new system allows to apply for visa online 24/7, including holidays.
Electronic system makes possible not to visit the consulate to apply for the entry permit and you no longer need to mail papers. Moreover, the authorized individuals for applying from the applicant are free to use this system to apply for a visa instead of the applicant.
You are able to verify your application status through the Internet and when you get the entry permit to Australia all the documents will be sent either to your e-mail address or by a registered letter on the mailing address specified in the application form. You will need to take the received document with you and be able to show it if needed. However, it is noted that the airline company will be aware whether you have got the Australian visa or not (airport staff have an access to the electronic data system, which will also include information about received entry permits) and therefore you may not show your visa at passport control and during the boarding. "