Introduction of Urartu
Former kingdom in Van province around Lake Vanand N of ancient Assyria. Its origins date from c.1270 b.c. It reached its height in the eighth centuryb.c. when it controlled a large part of northern Syria.Plagued throughout its history by recurring attacksby the Assyrians, it finally fell c. 610 b.c. to the Medesand Scythians. Its civilization was advanced, using acuneiform script and sophisticated metalworking and masonry techniques.