THE URALS EXTEND over 1,553 mi (2,500 km) from the ARCTIC OCEAN to the steppes of KAZAKHSTAN.
The territory of nearly 318,148 square mi (824,000 square km) is subdivided in the oblasti (districts) of Perm, Cheliabinsk, Kurgansk, Orenburg, and the Autonomous Republics of Udmurtia and Bashkiria.
The Ural highlands, with the highest peak of Narodnaya (6,213 ft or 1,894 m), separate the East European plains from the west Siberian lowlands.
From the north to the south, the mountains touch different climatic zones.
In the TUNDRA of the polar Urals (Poliarnyi Ural) the winter lasts nearly seven months.
The summer in the southern Orenburg district is almost dry, similar to nearby Kazakhstan.
Since the Urals-far away from the ATLANTIC OCEAN-lie in the heart of the Eurasian continent, a continental climate is characteristic for the region.
In winter, temperatures can go down to -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C) in the southern areas, and to -76 degrees F (-60 degrees C) the north.
In summer temperatures in the steppe zone can go up to 104 degrees F (40 degrees C).
In the north, the Urals are exposed to cold winds from the polar sea, and in the south to hot steppe winds from central Asia.
As such, the highlands of the Urals present a transition zone.
The Urals are rich in iron deposits.
Industrialization of the region began under RUSSIA's Peter the Great in the late 16th century.
Thanks to the investments of factory owners like the Demidovs and the Striganovs, the Urals became one of the world's largest producers of metal.
By the 1860s, Ural metallurgy had fallen behind new international metallurgical advances.
Whereas, at that time, English factory owners used coal for metal melting, the Russians used wood as fuel in blast furnaces that made production inefficient.
In the late 19th century, finance minister Sergei Vitte encouraged the industrialization of UKRAINE instead of the Urals.
In 1900, Ukraine produced nearly 60 percent more metal than the Urals.
With Josef Stalin's coming to power in the late 1920s, Ural industry experienced a renaissance.
The central government invested heavily.
The first Five-Year Plan of 1927 scheduled the creation of a big industrial region combining the coal resources of the west Siberian coal deposits with Ural metallurgy.
This was the birth of the giant steel combine of Magnitogorsk, the so-called UKK (Ural-Kuznetsk Combine).
The main goal of Stalinist industrialization was the creation of a second industrial basis in the heart of the Eurasian hinterland that was not vulnerable to enemy attacks, as was the western Soviet republic of Ukraine.
The industrialization of the Urals in the 1930s suffered from a labor shortage.
Therefore, recruitment was based on forced labor and the Urals became part of the Gulag prison system.
It has been estimated that the Urals labor camp population comprised 123,547 households (571,355 people).
Magnitogorsk laid the foundation for new industries in the Urals, like automobile production and nickel mining.
Today, the Urals are recovering from the Asian economic crisis of the 1990s.
In 2002, the Urals had foreign trade of $26.4 billion.
After the meeting of Presidents George W.
Bush and Vladimir Putin at the July 2001 Genoa Summit, several U.S.
companies began investing in Ural manufacturing enterprises.
- Is it possible to go on vacation to Turkey following the shocks
"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs denies the information that recently emerged saying that the Ministry is planning to ban Russians to enter the country.
There were two explosions that took place in Ankara during the meeting for peace between the Turkish authorities and Kurdistan Workers Party. The terrorist attack claimed the lives of 95 people and 250 people got injured.
Following the attack national media channels have reported that the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs started elaborating recommendations for the Russians not to visit the country which has experienced the terror attacks.
However, on Sunday the rumors were denied by the media saying that this information is found to be untrue.
Experts believe that such decision is justified. Terror attacks took place in the Turkish capital, which is seldom visited by Russians or is not visited at all. Our citizens more often spend their holidays at the Mediterranean Sea resorts or in Istanbul, which are far away from Ankara. "
- The seaweed invasion prevents tourists to enjoy the Dominican beaches
"Tourists couldn’t but leave the country due to the experienced inconveniences. Basically, these are the eastern resorts that prevent tourists to enjoy their vacation. The embarrassing seaweed made their staying here simply intolerable. Local travel agencies say that the number of holidaymakers went down up to 95%.
The authorities are trying to deal with a bad luck collecting the weeds around the coastal areas. However, they are still facing a problem and the number of the sea “inhabitants” is still growing. It is stated that it is a priority to clean all the rubbish stored at the beaches, otherwise the country will have no tourists that will bring them no income afterwards.
Scientists report that the mounting pollution may be caused by two reasons. According to the first assumption the seaweed appeared on the Dominican coastlines due to the climate change: the average temperature has considerably increased over recent years. The second theory goes that the hurricane has brought them. "