Introduction of Trincomalee
Town, port, and capital of Eastern province, on the Bay of Bengal, 110 mi SE of Jaffna, NE Sri Lanka.
The site of one of the world’s finest natural harbors, it was originally settled by Indian Tamils who built the temple of a Thousand Columns here. During the colonial era the town changed hand s many times between the Portuguese, Dutch, French, and British.
The British finally gained control in 1795, and it became Great Britain’s main base in the Far East after the fall of Singapore in World War II. The British surrendered the harbor to Sri Lanka in 1957.