Map Page 1113 Area 35,284 square mi (56,785 square km) Population 5,429,299 Capital Lome Highest Point 3,234 ft (966 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $1,500 Primary Natural Resources coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca).
TOGO SITS ON the southern end of the western portion of Africa.
This narrow strip of land has 35 mi (55 km) of beautiful coastline and rolling hills and plateaus in the interior sections.
Deciduous forests cover much of the hills and portions of the land are suitable for growing coffee.
Animals such as the hippo and giraffe wander through the land, and storks and cranes can be seen flying overhead.
The rainy season lasts from April to July; the hottest period is from February to March.
From December to January, the dry and dusty hamattan wind blows across the region.
From the 15th century to 1960, Togo was controlled by European powers.
Initially discovered by Portuguese explorers and traders in the late 15th century, this territory became a key area in the African slave trade through the 18th century.
DENMARK laid claim to the country in the 1700s, but GERMANY gained control of Togoland (as it was known) after signing a treaty with the local king, Mlapa, in 1884.
Germany declared control of the coastal territory and slowly moved inland.
The Germans created infrastructure, and exported the cacoa, coffee, and cotton.
After Germany was defeated in World War I, the country became a League of Nations mandate and was subsequently split between the British and French.
The British section of the country was named Togoland and the French section, Togo.
After World War II, the entire territory became a United Nations mandate still ruled by the British and French.
In 1955, Togo became an autonomous nation, but still was part of the French union.
A legislative assembly was created, and one year later, a constitution was approved.
Nicholas Grunitzky became the first prime minister of the country.
In 1957, British Togoland became part of the new nation of GHANA.
By 1960, Togo had declared its independence with Sylvanus Olympio as president.
Three years later, Olympio was assassinated in a military coup.
Nicolas Grunitzky was placed in charge, but he was deposed in 1967 in a bloodless coup led by Colonel Etienne Eyadema.
In 1969, the Assembly of the Togolese People was created with Eyadema as the party president.
He nationalized the foreign-owned phosphate mines.
During the 1970s, Togo's economy prospered.
However, when the worldwide recession hit in the early 1980s, phosphate prices dropped considerably, and Togo never fully recovered.
During the early 1990s, international leaders called on Eyadema to implement a multi-party political system in the country.
Prodemocracy protest groups were formed, and citizens staged riots and strikes.
Under internal and external pressure from international leaders, Eyadema stepped down from power in early 1993 and placed an interim prime minister in charge of the country.
In August 1993, Eyadema won the presidential election by more than 96 percent.
Throughout the 1990s and into the 2000s, Eyadema continued to rule through alleged corruption.
- Will it be possible for tourists to access the most Jerusalem’s holy sites?
"Police is limiting the access beyond the fortress walls of the Old City due to the following clashes between Israelis and Palestinians.
Following the accident in which a Palestinian has killed two people on the street in Jerusalem and his brother has stabbed the Israeli teenager the mass uprisings have begun. Being afraid of the clashes between Israelis and Palestinians police has made a decision that only local residents are allowed to visit the Old City. This also refers to the tourists only if they stayed in the hotels located in the old part of the city.
Other tourists wishing to enter the Old City will not be able to visit it. And this is the place where the main Holy land sites are located: the temple “of the Holy Sepulcher”, the Wailing Wall, the Via Dolorosa, the Citadel of David with its museum of city history, crusaders’ street, the Temple Mount with the Al-Aqsa golden-domed mosque. The authorities report that it is likely that tomorrow everyone will be welcomed to enter."
- The court has prohibited the crow to fly because of stealing tourists’ valuable things
"The British Court has issued the decision on the case of the crow that was violating public order. The royal bird Izzy that lives in the Knaresborough castle in North Yorkshire is famous for being fond of stealing cellphones and cameras from careless tourists.
The Court has restricted the crow to fly until the violator changes its conduct. The way it will be monitored stays unknown.
It is interesting that besides stealing an 8-year crow was also dropping the F-bombs. Probably these were the visitors of the castle who taught the crow to turn the air blue. An eight-year old Izzy has got a warning message for abusing people. "