Introduction of Tlemcen
City and capital of Tlemcen department, 75 mi SW of Oran, NW Algeria, near the Moroccan border. It was known as Pomaria when settled by the Romans and as Agadir when inhabited by the Berbers. It was important in the 13th century a.d. as an Islamic religious and cultural center, situated at the focal point of many North African trade routes. From the 13th to 15th centuries it was the capital of a Muslim Berber dynasty. In 1559 it fell to Algerian Turks and passed to France in 1842. It was the headquarters of the Nationalist leader Ahmed Ben Bella in 1962.