Introduction of Tartu
City and port in Estonia, on the Ema River, 100 mi SE of Tallinn. It was founded in a.d. 1030 on the site of a fifth-century settlement by Yaroslav I, grand prince of Kiev. It was seized by the Teutonic Knights in 1224 and prospered as a member of the Hanseatic League until captured by Russia in 1558. It fell to Sweden and Poland before finally passing to Russia in 1704, during the Great Northern War. Soviet peace treaties with Estonia and Finland were signed here in 1920. The city suffered severely during the German occupation of World War II. Its university was founded in 1632 by Gustavus II of Sweden.