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Tarim Basin



THE TARIM BASIN designates a major river and great basin located in the Uighur Autonomous Region of Sinkiang of extreme northwestern CHINA, north of the TIBETAN PLATEAU.
Tarim also connotes the bank of a river that flows into a lake or that becomes indistinguishable from desert sands.
The basin occupies nearly one half of Sinkiang and is encircled by the TIAN SHAN (Celestial Mountains) to the north, the Pamir Mountains on the west, and the Kunlun Mountains in the south.
It is 850 mi (13,687 km) east to west and nearly 350 mi (564 km) north to south.
The Tarim Basin is also known T'a-li-mu Ho (Wade-Giles Romanization), Tarim He (Pinyin), and Dayan (Mandarin).
The basin comprises 215,000 square mi (557,000 square km), has a central desert with scattered, isolated oases along the rim, and lies at an elevation of 2,500 ft (760 m) above mean sea level in the east, rising to 4,000 ft (1,220 m) in the west.
The central desert, Takla Makan (Taklimakan, Taklamakan), covers an area of 105,000 square mi (271,950 square km and includes at its eastern end the Turfan Depression 505 ft (154 m) below sea level.
The Tarim River flows along the north rim of the Takla Makan desert but constantly shifts its bed and is formed by the confluence of the K'a-shih-ka-erh (Kashgar) and Yarkand rivers to the west, then flows northeast to be joined 230 mi (370 km) downstream by the A-k'o-su and the Ho-t'ien (Khotan) rivers.
The Yarkand-Tarim system is 1,260 mi (2,030 km) long and reaches Lop Nor, a saline lake bed, at the eastern end of the basin and drains intermittently into Lake T'ai-t'e-ma (Taitema) 100 mi (161 km) southwest of Lop Nor.
The Lower Tarim Basin, an arid plain composed of alluvium and lake sediments, is the driest region of Eurasia.
Archaeological evidence documents that the basin was a part of the Silk Road and that people thrived there from 1800 B.C.E.
to 500 C.E.
Especially intriguing are the mummified remains of many Caucasoids and Mongoloids.
The Tarim became a barrier to Chinese expansion west and Arab expansion eastward.
The contemporary local population numbers 5.5 million and is composed of Uighur Muslims (84 percent), Han Chinese (12.5 percent), Kirgiz, Mongols, and Kazaks.
The largest city is Kashgar (Kashi) located in the west and the capital is at Wu-lu-mu-ch'i.

Tarim Basin Images


Last News

- Italian air traffic controllers are planning to strike
"The Italian air traffic controllers have reported about the upcoming strike that is scheduled on October 24, 2015. The airline employees will be striking between 10:00 and 18:00 as reported by local trade unions.
In case the event is not canceled, passengers may face flight delays or even cancellations. The tourists who plan either to leave or to arrive in Italy on 24th October it is highly recommended to verify their flight status online beforehand by visiting airport websites. "

- Sightseeing in Greece will become much more expensive
"Greek authorities reported about a sharp increase in price for visiting museums and other places of interest around the country. In particular, starting from January 1, 2016 the ticket price at Acropolis will reach 52 euro. Today the Athens main attraction costs only 12 euro.
The entrance ticket price to the sanctuary of Olympia and Knossos ruins will be raised twice. Since the beginning of the next year 200 museums located all around the country will also increase the ticket price.
However, the Greek authorities note that such high prices are likely to be up to date only during the summer tourist season. "