LAKE TANGANIKA IS IN east-central Africa in the Great Rift Valley at an elevation of 2,534 ft (772 m).
It is very deep and narrow in typical rift formation with mountains rising out of the lake.
According to the Center for Great Lakes Studies, Lake Tanganika is the seventh- largest lake in the world when ranked by area and is the third-largest in the world by volume.
Tanganika is 4,823 ft (1,470 m) deep, making it the second-deepest lake in the world behind Lake BAIKAL in RUSSIA.
It is the second-largest lake in Africa, covering 12,700 square mi (32,890 sq km).
The lake is 420 mi (680 km) long and up to 45 mi (72 km) wide.
It is bordered on the west by the country of CONGO, on the southwest by ZAMBIA, and on the south by both TANZANIA and BURUNDI.
The Malagarasi, Kalambo, Ruzizi, and several other small rivers feed Lake Tanganika.
The Ruzizi flows out of Lake Kivu.
The Kalambo River is known for having one of the highest waterfalls in the world as it descends 3,000 ft (914.4 m) over 6 mi (9.7 km) through a volcanic gorge.
The Kalambo Falls are just one section of this descent in one single spectacular drop of 704 ft (214.5 m).
The Lukuga River is the only outlet for Lake Tanganika at Kalema, Congo, on the lake's western side.
The Lukuga flows into the CONGO RIVER system, but because it is often clogged with silt it runs only intermittently.
Lake Tanganika, for a very long time, was completely isolated from the rest of Africa's freshwater system.
Because of this isolation, there are a large number of fish and other animal species peculiar to the Tanganika area.
Up to 25 percent of the 400 species in the area are specific to Lake Tanganika.
There is also a large population of hippopotamuses and crocodiles, in cluding the rare sharp-snouted crocodile, swimming in Lake Tanganika.
There is a large variety of waterfowl and other birds that live around the lake, including ducks, geese, storks, pelicans, cranes, kingfishers, guinea-fowl, quail, ptarmigan, egrets, fly-catchers, eagles, and more.
A great diversity of animals live around the lake including elephants, buffaloes, zebras, antelope, lions, leopards, and chimpanzees.
The lake also supports the surrounding agriculture where rice, coffee, sweet potatoes, yams, sugar cane, beans, ginger, cotton, and tobacco are grown.
Shipping and commercial exchange is important on the whole length of Lake Tanganika.
Fishing is one of the main economies on the lake with many of the natives still using their dugout canoes to fish from.
The major port towns include Karema, Congo; Kigoma, Tanzania; and Bujumbura, Burundi.
It takes three to four days to travel the length of the lake in a steam ship.
During World War I, there were several small naval battles on the lake between the British and the Germans.
In 1871, David Livingstone and Henry M.
Stanley explored this area and documented it in their journals.
- You can now apply for Australian Visa through the Internet
"Country entry permit application has become facilitated and the procedure itself takes less time.
Starting from October 1 this year this new system allows to apply for visa online 24/7, including holidays.
Electronic system makes possible not to visit the consulate to apply for the entry permit and you no longer need to mail papers. Moreover, the authorized individuals for applying from the applicant are free to use this system to apply for a visa instead of the applicant.
You are able to verify your application status through the Internet and when you get the entry permit to Australia all the documents will be sent either to your e-mail address or by a registered letter on the mailing address specified in the application form. You will need to take the received document with you and be able to show it if needed. However, it is noted that the airline company will be aware whether you have got the Australian visa or not (airport staff have an access to the electronic data system, which will also include information about received entry permits) and therefore you may not show your visa at passport control and during the boarding. "
- Is it possible to go on vacation to Turkey following the shocks
"The Ministry of Foreign Affairs denies the information that recently emerged saying that the Ministry is planning to ban Russians to enter the country.
There were two explosions that took place in Ankara during the meeting for peace between the Turkish authorities and Kurdistan Workers Party. The terrorist attack claimed the lives of 95 people and 250 people got injured.
Following the attack national media channels have reported that the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs started elaborating recommendations for the Russians not to visit the country which has experienced the terror attacks.
However, on Sunday the rumors were denied by the media saying that this information is found to be untrue.
Experts believe that such decision is justified. Terror attacks took place in the Turkish capital, which is seldom visited by Russians or is not visited at all. Our citizens more often spend their holidays at the Mediterranean Sea resorts or in Istanbul, which are far away from Ankara. "