Introduction of Szeged
Port city on the Tisza River, in the S, on the Serbian border. In the ninth or 10th century, it was a heavily fortified trading center and was the site of the first national assembly of the Magyar tribes under their chief, Arpad. Ravaged by the Tatars in the 13th century, it was under Turkish rule from 1542 to 1686.
The city was damaged by a flood in 1879. Surviving historic structures include a striking 13th-century Romanesque tower.