Introduction of Sydney
The country’s largest city and capital of New South Wales in the E, on Port Jackson inlet, on the Pacific Ocean. The first British settlement in Australia, it was founded in 1788 as a penal settlement on Botany Bay and was named after Captain Cook’s benefactor, Viscount Sydney. A major Allied military base in World War II, Sydney has notable buildings, including the State Parliament House of 1811 to 1817, the Old Mint Building of 1811, Government House of 1837 to 1845, the Town Hall of 1889, and the Sydney Opera House of 1974, designed by Joern Utzon of Denmark. The city hosted the Summer Olympic games in 2000.