Introduction of Surat
City of SE Gujarat state, in the W, on the Tapti River,near its mouth, 150 mi N of Mumbai. Destroyed bythe Portuguese in 1512, 1530, and 1531, it was conqueredby Akbar in 1573. Under him, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan it became a large city and the chief port ofIndia. The first English factory in India was establishedhere in 1608, marking the beginning of the BritishEmpire in India. Sacked by the Marathas in 1664, itdeclined thereafter. Nevertheless it remained the seatof the English Indian government until 1687.