Introduction of Surakarta
City of S central Java, 50 mi SE of Semarang. Foundedin 1755 at the breakup of the Mataram Sultanate, itwas the seat of a Dutch-protected principality in theformer Netherland s East Indies. Occupied by the Japanesefrom 1942 to 1945, it is the site of a vast, walledsultan's palace, a veritable town in itself. The picturesqueEuropean section includes a Dutch fort datingfrom 1799.