Map Page 1123 Area 25,332 square mi (65,610 square km) Population 19,742,439 Capital Colombo Highest Point 8,280 ft (2,524 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $3,700 Primary Natural Resources limestone, graphite, mineral sands.
GEOLOGICALLY, THE ISLAND of Sri Lanka is considered a southerly extension of peninsular INDIA's Deccan region and was clearly part of the peninsula all through the last Ice Age.
The pear-shaped island is approximately 140 mi (225 km) across at its widest point and about 270 mi (435 km) long and lies just 7 degrees north of the equator.
The narrow northern end of the island is almost linked to southeastern India by a chain of limestone shoals known as Adam's Bridge.
Most of the island is flat or gently rolling terrain, although there is a mountainous section in the southcentral part of the country known as the Central Highlands that occupies most of the heart of the country.
The highland landscape is highly dissected with a unique arrangement of plateaus, ridges, escarpments, intermontane basins, and valleys.
There are also a series of spectacular escarpments such as World's End, a near-vertical precipice of about 4,000 ft (1,219 m).
RIDGES AND VALLEYS Surrounding this highland is a interestingly diverse plain with elevations ranging from sea level to about 1,000 ft (300 m).
To the north and northeast of the highlands, low ridges decrease in altitude as one moves toward the coast, traversing the plain.
The western and southwestern parts of the plain feature alternating ridges and valleys that generally run parallel to the coast and increase in elevation toward the interior until they merge imperceptibly with the highland mass.
In the remaining parts of the plain, rocky buttes and mounds, some of which reach elevations of more than 1,000 ft (305 m) sporadically interrupt an otherwise flat horizon.
Surrounding the plain is a coastal zone consisting mostly of sandy beaches, spits, and lagoons.
Over a few stretches of the coast there are rocky promontories and cliffs, deep-water bays, and offshore islets.
Sri Lanka's tropical location ensures perennially high temperatures, with monthly averages of 90 degrees F (32 degrees C) common in the lowlands.
Despite its location just north of the equator, the higher altitudes of the Central Highlands account for surprisingly lower temperatures, where monthly averages can range between 44 degrees F (7 degrees C) and 71 degrees F (22 degrees C).
Rainfall is the conspicuous factor in the seasonal and diurnal variations of Sri Lanka's MONSOON climate.
Most parts of the country receive more than 50 in (127 cm) of rain per year.
However, regional differences created by Sri Lanka's geography have created distinctive wet and dry zones.
The wet zone covers the southwestern part of the island including the highlands.
The rest of the island constitutes a relative dry zone, where droughts are common and can persist for three months or more.
Today, the capital is at Sri Jayewardenapura Kotte.
Colombo, the former capital (and still the site of many government offices), remains as the commercial capital and the country's largest city.
The island has a moderate supply of minerals, but has become known more recently as one of the world's major suppliers of black tea.
- Will it be possible for tourists to access the most Jerusalem’s holy sites?
"Police is limiting the access beyond the fortress walls of the Old City due to the following clashes between Israelis and Palestinians.
Following the accident in which a Palestinian has killed two people on the street in Jerusalem and his brother has stabbed the Israeli teenager the mass uprisings have begun. Being afraid of the clashes between Israelis and Palestinians police has made a decision that only local residents are allowed to visit the Old City. This also refers to the tourists only if they stayed in the hotels located in the old part of the city.
Other tourists wishing to enter the Old City will not be able to visit it. And this is the place where the main Holy land sites are located: the temple “of the Holy Sepulcher”, the Wailing Wall, the Via Dolorosa, the Citadel of David with its museum of city history, crusaders’ street, the Temple Mount with the Al-Aqsa golden-domed mosque. The authorities report that it is likely that tomorrow everyone will be welcomed to enter."
- The first spa for children will appear in Andorra
"The Caldea Innu center will build the first spa center for children. The investment for this unusual project will reach 650, 000 euro.
It is expected that the spa center for children, occupying about 400 sq m will be able to invite its first clients in summer 2016. The center will serve only the clients between 3 and 8 years of age. The main goal of the thermal resort is the family tourism development.
The first spa center in the world will include a resting area as well as the procedure area and water games section. "