Introduction of South-Bend
City in N Indiana, approximately 75 mi ESE of Chicago,Illinois, on the St. Joseph River. It is an industrialcity in a farming region. The sieur de La Salle,the French explorer, camped in the area in 1679 whilemaking a portage from the St. Joseph to the KanakeeRiver. The American Fur Company, organized byJohn Jacob Astor and the largest American enterpriseof the kind, established a trading post here c. 1820 on the site of an earlier French mission and post. In 1831a town was laid out on the site of a Miami Indian village.The Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company,which went from producing horse-drawncarriages to automobiles, opened here in 1852. Thereis a museum in the 1855 St. Joseph Courthouse. NotreDame University, founded in 1842, is nearby.