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Smolensk



Introduction of Smolensk
Capital city of Smolensk oblast, on the left bank ofthe Dnieper River. It came into prominence in theninth century and became an important town on thetrade route from Constantinople to the BalticSea. Allied first with the principality of Kiev, it servedas capital of Smolensk principality from the 12th to14th centuries. In 1240 it was pillaged by the Tatars.Lithuania took it over in 1408, and it then became abone of contention between Poland and Russia for aquarter century before being finally ceded to Russiain 1686. During Napoleon's invasion of Russia in1812 it was burned on August 17-18 and was againvirtually destroyed in heavy fighting during WorldWar II. Taken by the Germans in 1941, it was retakenby the Soviets in 1943. Restored historic structuresinclude a citadel and the town walls, the UspenskyCathedral of 1677 to 1679, several 12th-centurychurches, and monuments to General Mikhail Kutuzovand to the composer Glinka.Capital city of Smolensk oblast, on the left bank ofthe Dnieper River. It came into prominence in theninth century and became an important town on thetrade route from Constantinople to the BalticSea. Allied first with the principality of Kiev, it servedas capital of Smolensk principality from the 12th to14th centuries. In 1240 it was pillaged by the Tatars.Lithuania took it over in 1408, and it then became abone of contention between Poland and Russia for aquarter century before being finally ceded to Russiain 1686. During Napoleon's invasion of Russia in1812 it was burned on August 17-18 and was againvirtually destroyed in heavy fighting during WorldWar II. Taken by the Germans in 1941, it was retakenby the Soviets in 1943. Restored historic structuresinclude a citadel and the town walls, the UspenskyCathedral of 1677 to 1679, several 12th-centurychurches, and monuments to General Mikhail Kutuzovand to the composer Glinka.

Smolensk Images