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Scythia



Introduction of Scythia
Ancient country that included parts of Eurasia fromthe Danube River in the W to the borders of Chinain the E. It was inhabited by a barbaric, nomadic peoplefrom the Ural River, of Iranian background, livingchiefly in the steppes north and northeast of theBlack Sea and the region east of the Aral Sea. Theywere mentioned from the seventh century b.c., whenthey overwhelmed the Medes and replaced the Cimmerians.This group was then driven out of Medeaby King Cyaxares. They were apparently the samepeople as the Sakas east of the Caspian. Circa 615b.c. they allied with the Medes and Babylonians tosack Nineveh in 612 b.c. Darius campaigned againstthem in Europe c. 515 b.c. and halted their expansion.They annihilated the army sent against them in325 b.c. by Alexand er the Great of Macedon, but in300 b.c. they were driven out of the Balkans by theinvading Celts. They were centered north of the Caspianfrom c. 700 to 550 b.c. and in the Crimea from550 b.c. on. They are identified with the use of thebow in battle and superior horsemanship. They werenoted for their pointed caps, flowing robes, and trousers.In the second century b.c. they were conqueredby the Sarmatians, became part of Sarmatia, and disappeared shortly after. Long in contact with theGreek colonies of the Black Sea coast, the Scythiansdeveloped a unique gold- and metal-working art offine detail and fluid line, which fused Hellenistic,Celtic, and Central Asian motifs with great vigor.Artifacts reveal the influence of Mesopotamian, Siberian,and Chinese motifs as well. Ancient country that included parts of Eurasia fromthe Danube River in the W to the borders of Chinain the E. It was inhabited by a barbaric, nomadic peoplefrom the Ural River, of Iranian background, livingchiefly in the steppes north and northeast of theBlack Sea and the region east of the Aral Sea. Theywere mentioned from the seventh century b.c., whenthey overwhelmed the Medes and replaced the Cimmerians.This group was then driven out of Medeaby King Cyaxares. They were apparently the samepeople as the Sakas east of the Caspian. Circa 615b.c. they allied with the Medes and Babylonians tosack Nineveh in 612 b.c. Darius campaigned againstthem in Europe c. 515 b.c. and halted their expansion.They annihilated the army sent against them in325 b.c. by Alexand er the Great of Macedon, but in300 b.c. they were driven out of the Balkans by theinvading Celts. They were centered north of the Caspianfrom c. 700 to 550 b.c. and in the Crimea from550 b.c. on. They are identified with the use of thebow in battle and superior horsemanship. They werenoted for their pointed caps, flowing robes, and trousers.In the second century b.c. they were conqueredby the Sarmatians, became part of Sarmatia, and disappeared shortly after. Long in contact with theGreek colonies of the Black Sea coast, the Scythiansdeveloped a unique gold- and metal-working art offine detail and fluid line, which fused Hellenistic,Celtic, and Central Asian motifs with great vigor.Artifacts reveal the influence of Mesopotamian, Siberian,and Chinese motifs as well.

Scythia Images