Introduction of San salvador
Capital and largest city in the country, 23 mi from the port of La Libertad, and 110 mi SE of Guatemala City. Founded in the early 16th century on a volcanic slope, San Salvador has suffered many earthquakes; a particularly disastrous one was in 1854 and another in 2001. Capital of the Central American Federation from 1831 to 1838, it has been the capital of El Salvador since 1841, except for a period between 1854 and 1859. The Pan-American Highway runs through the city, and it is the financial, commercial, and industrial center of the country. Near here on December 4, 1980, three nuns from the United States were murdered by government forces. Later on five members of the Salvadoran National Guard were convicted for the crimes.