Map Page 1131 Area 38 square mi (61.2 square km) Population 28,503 Capital San Marino Highest Point 2,492 ft (755 m) Lowest Point 182 ft (55 m) GDP per capita $34,000 Primary Natural Resources building stone, wheat, grapes, corn.
Like the others, it is a holdover from a more fragmented European past.
San Marino differs from these, however, in its claims to be the world's oldest existing republic, having never had a ruling royal family (like MONACO or LIECHTENSTEIN), looking back instead on nearly a thousand years of communal governance, and a democratic constitution written in 1601.
The country consists of one town and smaller settlements clustered around Mount Titano, one of the peaks of the Apennine mountains, not too far from the coast of the ADRIATIC SEA.
The town formed around a monastery founded, according to local tradition, by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 C.E.
He and his followers were fleeing religious persecution from Roman authorities in Rimini and set up their own community which maintained its independence and isolation across the centuries.
The mountain refuge served as a political asylum during the upheavals of Italian unification in the 19th century, sheltering the famous patriot, Giuseppe Garibaldi.
In thanks for this aid, the new Italian government promised in 1862 to respect San Marino's independence.
In practical terms, however, modern San Marino is dominated politically, culturally, and economically by ITALY, which surrounds it on all sides.
Nominal independence continues to give the country advantages, however, as a tax haven within the borders of the EUROPEAN UNION.
Locals guard this independence, even more so in recent years.
San Marino has recently started to send its own separate delegation of athletes to the Olympic Games and formally joined the United Nations in 1992.
About 20,000 Sanmarinese live in Italy or abroad, but they retain their identity, and the government even pays for them to return home for elections.
Tax evasion is a bone of contention with the EUROPEAN UNION (EU), and the subject of recent agreements between the EU government and the microstates of Europe.
The republic is only 8 mi (13 km) at its greatest length, and completely dominated by its mountain, crowned by three summits, each with fortifications.
Four villages nestle in valleys descending from the mountain, surrounded by what little agricultural flatland there is, where wheat, grapes and some livestock are raised.
There is also some light manufacturing, producing cotton textiles, brick and tile, and pottery that is sold in countless tourist stands.
It has been estimated that there are more tourist shops per capita than anywhere else in the world.
Tourists and stamp collectors generate a significant amount of revenue: more than 50 percent of the GDP in 2000, generated by over 3 million visitors.
- A new camera came out that allows you to make unique photos
"This technical sensation gets its owner to make “not simple” photos.
Germany has developed an interesting type of camera. When running GPS it founds itself on the map and searches for the photographs on the web, which are linked to the geolocation and which are made at a distance of 30-35 m away from the camera. If it gives you out more than thirty five searches the camera will fail when the shutter button is pressed and no snapshot will be made. This smart device can only count the number of pictures shot at one place so far without taking into account its content. However, it is believed that this drawback is to be solved soon. It’s likely that in the nearest future a specially designed app for smartphones is to come out with the same functional features.
Device developers say that using this camera they want to teach tourists how to make real and original shots and at the same time clear the internet from the identical photographs. "
- The capital city of Bulgaria opened a new museum
"The children-oriented museum invites them to explore the environmental world in a game style.
The so-called “Museiko” museum has been located at the kids’ centre in Sofia. Young explorers are able to go back to the past and gasp the meteorites dropped on our planet. There are also a lot of entertainment activities for kids: they will be offered to look at the world through the frog’s eyes, try their hands in archeology and construction, and puzzle out the nature mysteries and many other things.
At different levels of the museum children and parents are able to find themselves at various time spaces, which are the past, the present and the future. They will not only get the idea of the all possible opportunities in different scientific fields, but also will be able to play games on anxiety development and love to the activities in creativity. Besides this, different accelerated learning techniques will be used while working with young visitors. "