Map Page 1131 Area 38 square mi (61.2 square km) Population 28,503 Capital San Marino Highest Point 2,492 ft (755 m) Lowest Point 182 ft (55 m) GDP per capita $34,000 Primary Natural Resources building stone, wheat, grapes, corn.
Like the others, it is a holdover from a more fragmented European past.
San Marino differs from these, however, in its claims to be the world's oldest existing republic, having never had a ruling royal family (like MONACO or LIECHTENSTEIN), looking back instead on nearly a thousand years of communal governance, and a democratic constitution written in 1601.
The country consists of one town and smaller settlements clustered around Mount Titano, one of the peaks of the Apennine mountains, not too far from the coast of the ADRIATIC SEA.
The town formed around a monastery founded, according to local tradition, by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 C.E.
He and his followers were fleeing religious persecution from Roman authorities in Rimini and set up their own community which maintained its independence and isolation across the centuries.
The mountain refuge served as a political asylum during the upheavals of Italian unification in the 19th century, sheltering the famous patriot, Giuseppe Garibaldi.
In thanks for this aid, the new Italian government promised in 1862 to respect San Marino's independence.
In practical terms, however, modern San Marino is dominated politically, culturally, and economically by ITALY, which surrounds it on all sides.
Nominal independence continues to give the country advantages, however, as a tax haven within the borders of the EUROPEAN UNION.
Locals guard this independence, even more so in recent years.
San Marino has recently started to send its own separate delegation of athletes to the Olympic Games and formally joined the United Nations in 1992.
About 20,000 Sanmarinese live in Italy or abroad, but they retain their identity, and the government even pays for them to return home for elections.
Tax evasion is a bone of contention with the EUROPEAN UNION (EU), and the subject of recent agreements between the EU government and the microstates of Europe.
The republic is only 8 mi (13 km) at its greatest length, and completely dominated by its mountain, crowned by three summits, each with fortifications.
Four villages nestle in valleys descending from the mountain, surrounded by what little agricultural flatland there is, where wheat, grapes and some livestock are raised.
There is also some light manufacturing, producing cotton textiles, brick and tile, and pottery that is sold in countless tourist stands.
It has been estimated that there are more tourist shops per capita than anywhere else in the world.
Tourists and stamp collectors generate a significant amount of revenue: more than 50 percent of the GDP in 2000, generated by over 3 million visitors.
- Will it be possible for tourists to access the most Jerusalem’s holy sites?
"Police is limiting the access beyond the fortress walls of the Old City due to the following clashes between Israelis and Palestinians.
Following the accident in which a Palestinian has killed two people on the street in Jerusalem and his brother has stabbed the Israeli teenager the mass uprisings have begun. Being afraid of the clashes between Israelis and Palestinians police has made a decision that only local residents are allowed to visit the Old City. This also refers to the tourists only if they stayed in the hotels located in the old part of the city.
Other tourists wishing to enter the Old City will not be able to visit it. And this is the place where the main Holy land sites are located: the temple “of the Holy Sepulcher”, the Wailing Wall, the Via Dolorosa, the Citadel of David with its museum of city history, crusaders’ street, the Temple Mount with the Al-Aqsa golden-domed mosque. The authorities report that it is likely that tomorrow everyone will be welcomed to enter."
- Titanic will be cruising in three years
"The ship, which is the copy of the infamous ship, will be first launched in 2018. The Australian billionaire Cleve Palmer made a decision in 2013 to recreate the Titanic that sank a century ago. It was planned that the ship should become a part of the Blue Star Line Company and make its first cruise in 2016. It was planned that Titanic 2 would have its precursor’s route from Southampton to New York.
However, according to the last information published the ship will be launched only in 2018 and its first cruise will be routed from Jiangsu to Dubai. As the press reports, the route was changed not because of the superstitious threat, but to arrange the collaboration with the Emirates. "