Introduction of Salta
Capital city of Salta province in the NW, in the Lerma Valley, 140 mi NW of San Miguel de Tucuman. An important commercial center today, Salta was founded in 1582 as a fortress against Indian attacks and became an important colonial town. It still retains its colonial atmosphere, with its ruins of 17th-century buildings, a bishop’s palace, and a theater. General Manuel Belgrano decisively defeated Spanish Royalists here in 1813.