Introduction of Saint-Albans
City in NW Vermont, near Lake Champlain, 25 miN of Burlington. The region was French territoryfrom the time of a grant in 1664 until Great Britaintook possession in 1763 at the end of the French and Indian War. The town was chartered that year and organized in 1788. In the early 19th century it was anactive base for smuggling goods between the UnitedStates and Canada.On October 19, 1864, a group of approximately25 Confederate soldiers, who had made their way toCanada, infiltrated the town. Announcing they wereannexing it to the Confederate States, they robbedthree banks of approximately $200,000, tried toburn the town, and killed one man. When they fledback to Canada, they were chased by a sheriff'sposse, and all but five of them were captured and turned over to Canadian officials. A Canadian judge,however, released them, thus damaging U.S.-Canadianrelations.In 1870 a group of Fenians, members of a secretorder pledged to use force to secure Ireland 's independencefrom Great Britain, attempted to stage araid on Canada from St. Albans. Many of them werearrested, including their leader, John O'Neil.