Introduction of Ryazan
City and capital of Ryazan oblast, on the Oka River, 120 mi SE of Moscow. One of the oldest cities in Russia, it was settled in a.d. 1095 and was made the capital of Ryazan principality after the destruction of Old Ryazan by the Mongols in 1237. It passed to Moscow in 1521 and became a city in 1778. Ryazan has many examples of medieval architecture, including a kremlin wall, a palace, a cathedral, and two former monasteries dating from the 15th to 17th centuries.