SHROUDED IN MISTS sitting under the hot sun of the equator is a mountain range believed to be the mysterious "Mountains of the Moon" spoken of by the ancient Greeks.
Their discovery is actually credited to Henry Morton Stanley of Britain, who in 1888, while on expedition, glanced up one day and saw what the native porters at the time believed to be a mountain covered in salt.
The Ruwenzori Mountains are located on the border of UGANDA and the Democratic Republic of CONGO.
Sitting between lakes Albert and Edward, they are the highest mountain range in Africa.
Ten of the Ruwenzori summits are over 15,750 ft (4,800 m); the highest are Mt.
Margherita, at 16,763 ft (5,109 m), and Mt.
Alexandra, at 16,750 ft (5,105 m).
These mountains are a fault-block range composed of ancient crystalline rock.
The Kilembe copper mine is located in the eastern foothills of the Ruwenzoris in Uganda.
The vegetation of this area is profuse and prolific because of the ever-pervading cloud cover, which harbors drenching mists and rain.
This Afro-alpine foliage is some of the most highly studied botany on the continent of Africa because of its varying species and vegetation belts as one climbs higher up the peaks.
ALPS OF AFRICA Many of these mountains, called "the Alps of Africa," contain high mountain glacial lakes, and several have glaciers at their peaks.
These glaciers have recently been the center of several studies because of their rapid rate of decline and concerns over the loss of snow on the mountain peaks.
These studies have shown that some of the glaciers have receded over 1,000 ft (300 m) in the past decade alone.
They also forecasted that at the present rate of global warming, all of the glaciers of the Ruwenzoris could be melted completely by 2025.
These mountains were formed in the western region of the Great Rift Valley between 40 and 10 million years ago, when the crust of the east African plateau started on a faulting process.
This has taken place very slowly, only millimeters a year, to form these snow-capped equatorial mountains.
Ruwenzori, unlike other surrounding areas, is nonvolcanic.
These mountains are tilt-block, with steep faces on the western rift and gentler slopes running east.
When these mountains tilted up out of the plains of Africa, they carried with them the metamorphosed volcanic rock with which they were formed.
- Will it be possible for tourists to access the most Jerusalem’s holy sites?
"Police is limiting the access beyond the fortress walls of the Old City due to the following clashes between Israelis and Palestinians.
Following the accident in which a Palestinian has killed two people on the street in Jerusalem and his brother has stabbed the Israeli teenager the mass uprisings have begun. Being afraid of the clashes between Israelis and Palestinians police has made a decision that only local residents are allowed to visit the Old City. This also refers to the tourists only if they stayed in the hotels located in the old part of the city.
Other tourists wishing to enter the Old City will not be able to visit it. And this is the place where the main Holy land sites are located: the temple “of the Holy Sepulcher”, the Wailing Wall, the Via Dolorosa, the Citadel of David with its museum of city history, crusaders’ street, the Temple Mount with the Al-Aqsa golden-domed mosque. The authorities report that it is likely that tomorrow everyone will be welcomed to enter."
- Switzerland will have its own “Golden Ring”
"Soon the ringed tour is to become available for tourists. The novelty got a simple name of “Grand-tour”, which absolutely correlates to what tourists are going to see during the tour and will be able to get to know with all country tourism brands while traveling.
This tour includes mountain hiking, photo stops at panoramic places, visiting UNESCO monuments and protected areas as well as mountain passes and crystallized lakes and also city tours. You will not lose the opportunity to visit Geneva, a city which is famous as the best week-end city on the continent, and you will also visit the city of Zurich, which is one the places with fresh air in Europe. The duration of the tour is still a secret; however, it is already known that the length of the route will extend up to 1,500 km. "