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Ravenna



Introduction of Ravenna
City and capital of Ravenna province, Emilia-Romagna region, 61 mi NE of Florence, N Italy.Thought to have been founded by the Sabines, in 191b.c. it developed under the Romans as part of GalliaCisalpina. Its port, Classis, founded by Augustus, harboredthe Roman Adriatic fleet. The name Classis is theLatin word for fleet. The capital of the Western Empireafter a.d. 402 under Honorius, it was also the seat ofthe Ostrogothic kings Odoacer and Theodoric. Inthe sixth century it became the capital of the Exarchateof Ravenna, the territory of the Byzantine Empire innorthern Italy, until its capture by the Lombards in751. It was an independent commune by 1177. Ravennawas ruled by the pope, by the Polenta family from the13th to 15th centuries, by Venice from 1441, and wasadded to the Papal States in 1509. It was sacked in1512 following the Battle of Ravenna between LouisXII of France and the Holy League. In 1860 it becamepart of the kingdom of Italy. The city is famous for itsbeautiful Byzantine mosaics, for its Roman and Byzantinebuildings, and for the tombs of Theodoric and Dante. City and capital of Ravenna province, Emilia-Romagna region, 61 mi NE of Florence, N Italy.Thought to have been founded by the Sabines, in 191b.c. it developed under the Romans as part of GalliaCisalpina. Its port, Classis, founded by Augustus, harboredthe Roman Adriatic fleet. The name Classis is theLatin word for fleet. The capital of the Western Empireafter a.d. 402 under Honorius, it was also the seat ofthe Ostrogothic kings Odoacer and Theodoric. Inthe sixth century it became the capital of the Exarchateof Ravenna, the territory of the Byzantine Empire innorthern Italy, until its capture by the Lombards in751. It was an independent commune by 1177. Ravennawas ruled by the pope, by the Polenta family from the13th to 15th centuries, by Venice from 1441, and wasadded to the Papal States in 1509. It was sacked in1512 following the Battle of Ravenna between LouisXII of France and the Holy League. In 1860 it becamepart of the kingdom of Italy. The city is famous for itsbeautiful Byzantine mosaics, for its Roman and Byzantinebuildings, and for the tombs of Theodoric and Dante.

Ravenna Images