Introduction of Ramla
Town and capital of Central district, 12 mi SE of Tel Aviv–Jaffa. Probably settled by the Arabs c. a.d. 715, Ramla was the capital of Palestine and was the object of much conflict during the Crusades. Captured by the Muslim sultan Saladin in 1187, it became the base of Richard the Lion-Hearted of England in 1191. In 1799 Napoleon made the town his headquarters during the Palestine campaign. See France.