Introduction of Pylos
Ancient port on a bay of the Ionian Sea, Messina, SW Greece, now a fishing town. A great Mycenaean palace dating from the 13th century b.c. was unearthed not far from here recently and may have been the residence of King Nestor, of Homer’s Iliad. An Athenian stronghold during the Peloponnesian War, Pylos was the scene of an Athenian naval victory in 425 b.c. against a Spartan fleet. The modern town, once called Navarino, is near the site of the naval battle of Navarino Bay, where a Turkish and Egyptian fleet was overcome on October 20, 1827, during the war for Greek independence, by a fleet command ed by Great Britain’s Sir Edward Codrington.