Introduction of Pula
Commercial city on the Adriatic Sea, 45 mi SW of Rijeka. A Roman trading port and military base, it was leveled by the Illyrians in 39 b.c. Although rebuilt, it was insignificant in the Middle Ages and was controlled by Venice from a.d. 1148 to 1797. The Genoese destroyed it in 1379 when they won a battle here against the Venetians. It was the center of Hapsburg naval activity in the 19th century, after passing to Austria in 1797. It became Italian after World War I and Yugoslavian after World War II. The temple of Augustus, an impressive amphitheater, and other Roman ruins are preserved here.