Introduction of Preveza
Commercial town and port, capital of Preveza department, on the Ambracian Gulf, W Greece. Founded in 290 b.c. by Pyrrhus of Epirus, it was ruled by Venice from 1499 before passing to the Turks by the Treaty of Carlowitz in 1699. It was retaken by Venice in 1717 and in 1797 it passed to France. It was taken by the Ottoman Empire a year later. The Greeks regained control of it in 1912. In a narrow strait that separates Preveza from Actium, Octavius Augustus defeated Mark Antony in 31 b.c. to become the first Roman emperor.