Introduction of Port louis
Commercial port, city, and capital of Mauritius, 500 mi E of Madagascar, in the Indian Ocean. Inhabited in the early 18th century by Dutch maroons, or runaway slaves, it was first permanently settled in 1735 by the French and became a British colony during and after the Napoleonic Wars. There was a large influx of emigrants from India in the early 19th century. The imposing city citadel was constructed in 1838.