Introduction of Phoenix islands
Group of eight island s, central Pacific Ocean, N of Samoa, discovered by British and American explorers in the early 19th century. They were jointly claimed by both Great Britain and the United States; but the two nations agreed in 1939 to jointly administer Canton Atoll and Enderbury for 50 years. The remaining island s became part of the British Gilbert and Ellice Island s Colony, then of Kiribati. Some attempts were made to settle three of these island s from 1938 to 1940, but by 1963 this experiment had failed, and they are now uninhabited.