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Pannonian Plain



ALSO KNOWN AS the Hungarian Plain, the Pannonian Plain is one of the flattest parts of Central Europe and one of the most agriculturally productive.
The plain occupies a wide depression between the Alpine ranges to the west and south and the Carpathian chain to the north and east.
At its greatest extent, the plain covers all of HUNGARY, eastern AUSTRIA, northern CROATIA and SERBIA, and southern CZECH REPUBLIC.
The central feature, the DANUBE RIVER, divides the plain roughly in half, with the larger portion forming the Great Hungarian Plain to the east (known as the Alfold), and the smaller portion, the Western Lowlands (or the Little Hungarian Plain, the Kisalfold).
To the south, the plain merges into the more hilly terrain of the Balkan Peninsula (where the DANUBE merges with its largest tributaries, the Tisza, the Mur, the Drava and the Sava), while the west rises slightly in elevation at the foothills of the ALPS on the frontier with Austria.
The Danube floodplain south of Budapest can reach 12 to 19 mi (20 to 30 km) in width.
A high rise between this floodplain and that of the Tisza River to the east is also a division between the eastern and western portions of the plain.
This elevated ridge (only about 165 ft or 50 m) is mostly formed of sand dunes and LOESS hills, such as those at Godollo or Nagykoros.
Several million years ago the area was covered by the Pannonian Sea, which accounts for the richness of its soil, formed from organic sedimentary deposits, at points a kilometer thick.
The western segment of the plain still includes a large water-filled depression, Lake Balaton, which, at 233 square mi (598 square km) is the largest lake in Europe in area (though not in volume, since it is very shallow).
The eastern plains spread out for miles of almost completely horizontal fields and grasslands, or puszta, with rich soil formed from alluvium deposited by the Danube and Tisza rivers.
This region is sparsely settled, populated instead by herds of horses and cattle, and covered with farms.
The plain takes its name from the Roman province of Pannonia.
This frontier province along the Danube was established in 9 C.E.
but not really settled until the early 2nd century by Trajan.
The Romans built cities like Vindobona (Vienna) and Aquincum (Buda), but the province was settled not by Romans, but by waves of "barbarians" from the east: Ostrogoths, Lombards, Avars, Huns, Slavs, and finally by Magyars, better known today as the Hungarians.

Pannonian Plain Images


Last News

- The speeding train links Genoa and Rome
"The Italian Railway Company has shared plans about running a train between Genoa and Rome. It is expected that the Eternal City and the Liguria capital will be linked in a few months.
It is outlined that running high-speed trains following this route is defined by the low-cost airlines refusal. Low-costers considered the route Rome-Genoa to be unprofitable. The Spanish Vueling became the last discounter that announced the flight termination.
The route from Genoa to Rome will take about three hours by train. "

- Traveling to Ellada is getting more expensive
"Because of the abolition of tax benefits for the most visited islands, the traveling prices to Rhodes, Santorini, Mykonos, Naxos, Paros and Skiathos will be considerably increased.
The preferential tax treatment, regulated on the islands, was canceled from October 1, 2015 according to the Government decision. The capacity to pay 30% less tax will also be concerned towards hotels located on the above mentioned islands. And from the beginning of the summer next year the new rules will be applied to the rest of the islands.
The imposed measures will affect the tourists, who will have to pay the bills without any tax treatment benefits. The new rule will first of all be applied to the hotel room prices, which may be increased up to 7-10% according to the experts forecast. Consequently, the vacation package price will also be increased, which does not favor the tourists. "