LAKE ONTARIO, BORDERED by the UNITED STATES (NEW YORK state) and CANADA (province of Ontario), is the smallest and easternmost of the five Great Lakes, covering an area of 7,320 square mi (18,960 square km).
It is 193 mi (311 km) long and 53 mi (85 km) wide, with a shoreline of approximately 480 mi (772 km).
It lies 243 ft (74 m) above sea level, the lowest of any of the Great Lakes, while its deepest point is 802 ft (244 m) below the surface.
Because its depth serves as a thermal reservoir, Lake Ontario does not freeze in winter except along the shore where the water is shallow.
The surface is cool in the summer and warm in winter, and serves to moderate the climate of the surrounding land.
Water comes into Lake Ontario from Lake ERIE by means of the Niagara River and the Welland Canal, which was built to bypass the famous Niagara Falls.
Other rivers flowing into Lake Ontario include the Black, Genesee, Oswego, Trent, and Humber.
The Genesee and Oswego rivers, combined with the Erie Canal, allow ship traffic to pass from Lake Ontario to the Hudson River, which leads to NEW YORK CITY.
Lake Ontario empties into the ATLANTIC OCEAN via the St.
The lake has long enjoyed an important status for shipping, and the oldest U.S.
lighthouse on the Great Lakes was built at Fort Niagara, just beyond the falls, in 1818 to aid in navigation.
Lake Ontario boasts many excellent harbors, and their economic importance has only increased since the completion of the St.
Lawrence Seaway made it possible to transport goods by water from any of the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean.
On the U.S.
side of Lake Ontario, Rochester and Oswego are located in New York state.
Canada has Coburg, Toronto, Hamilton, and Kingston.
Toronto, capital of the province of Ontario, is the largest city on the shores of Lake Ontario.
Beyond these cities, the shoreline is still primarily rural.
Although there are excellent orchards all around the lake, the region is not intensively farmed.
However, there is enough runoff from the agricultural regions to exacerbate the pollution load coming from industrial cities upstream.
Because Lake Ontario is the last of the Great Lakes, pollutants from all the other four lakes flow through it on their way to the Atlantic Ocean, making it the most polluted of the Great Lakes.
Lake Ontario has seen some commercial fishing, particularly of eels.
Large numbers of eels have historically been harvested from Lake Ontario, but eel populations have recently declined to the point that some scientists believe the population may vanish altogether.
Ironically, the destruction of eel stocks became a vicious cycle as scarcity drove prices up, making it worthwhile for commercial fishing concerns to go to greater lengths to harvest them.
Excellent state and provincial parks on its shores make Lake Ontario a very popular tourist destination.
It boasts excellent sport fishing and hunting, although industrial pollution has made it medically risky for sports fishermen to actually eat their catch.
Guidelines generally suggest that an adult should consume wildcaught Lake Ontario fish no more than once a month and that children and pregnant women should not consume any at all.
Geologists believe that Lake Ontario was created as the result of glacial erosion and that it is the remnant of a much larger lake they call Lake Iroquois for the Native American people who lived in the area.
The shrinkage of Lake Iroquois into modern Lake Ontario left behind sediments that make for a very rich horticultural region.
Lake Ontario was originally named Lake St.
Louis in 1632 by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain.
This name appeared on maps as late as 1656, but in 1660, Francis Creuxius gave it the name of Ontario, from an Iroquois word meaning "beautiful lake."
- The world best airport is now determined
"The Dubai International Airport is recognized to be the world best airport in 2015 by WorldRoutes Marketing Award. The airport is considered to be the busiest one: the passenger traffic exceeds 50 million people each year. Having been recently modernized the airport is now able to serve about 80 million passengers each year.
Among the airports with an average passenger capability (i.e. from 20 to 50 million people) the Copenhagen International Airport was recognized to be the best one. The first place took Prague among the airports with passenger traffic of 20 million people.
It should be mentioned that no Russian airports showed up in the rate list. "
- A new camera came out that allows you to make unique photos
"This technical sensation gets its owner to make “not simple” photos.
Germany has developed an interesting type of camera. When running GPS it founds itself on the map and searches for the photographs on the web, which are linked to the geolocation and which are made at a distance of 30-35 m away from the camera. If it gives you out more than thirty five searches the camera will fail when the shutter button is pressed and no snapshot will be made. This smart device can only count the number of pictures shot at one place so far without taking into account its content. However, it is believed that this drawback is to be solved soon. It’s likely that in the nearest future a specially designed app for smartphones is to come out with the same functional features.
Device developers say that using this camera they want to teach tourists how to make real and original shots and at the same time clear the internet from the identical photographs. "