LOCATED IN West Africa, the Niger River stretches 2,610 mi (4,200 km) in length, making it the thirdlongest river in Africa, after the NILE and the CONGO.
It is ranked 14th among the longest rivers in the world.
The drainage basin of the river encompasses 807,000 square mi (2,090,000 square km).
The Niger River runs in a long crescent from GUINEA to MALI, right up to the edge of the SAHARA DESERT, before heading south to the Gulf of Guinea.
The unusual course of the river mystified Europeans for many years.
The Europeans thought that the section of the river near Timbuktu was part of the Nile River.
By the early 17th century, Europeans thought that the river flowed west and joined the Senegal River.
Finally, in 1795, Mungo Park became the first European to describe the upper river.
While local people knew the actual course of the Niger, Westerners knew about it only through a series of explorations late in the 19th century.
The source of the river rises in the Fouta Djallon Highlands at a point near the border between Guinea and SIERRA LEONE, 150 mi (241 km) from the Atlantic coast.
The main source of the Niger River is called the Tembi River.
Away from the source but within Guinea, several tributaries join and replenish the Niger.
From then on, the Niger traverses the interior plateau in a northeast direction toward the Malian border.
As the Niger crosses the border between Guinea and MALI, other rivers such as the Fie join the main channel of water near Kangare, Mali.
Thereafter, the Niger flows northeasterly until it reaches the interior delta in Mali.
In the interior the Niger is joined by the Bani River, often regarded as among the important tributaries of the Niger.
The Bani River is 696 mi (1,120 km) long and has its source in COTE D'IVOIRE and BURKINA FASO.
The Niger is precious to life in Mali.
It provides fish, drinking water, and water for farming.
It also represents a major means of transportation in Mali, particularly in some of the remote areas in the country.
From this interior delta, the river flows in a northeast direction before turning to the southeast to form the great bend.
From this point on the Niger slowly meanders in the arid areas in proximity of Gao (a great center of trade and education during the Mali and Songhai ancient civilizations) and enters the country of NIGER.
While flowing through the country, Niger River is joined by several tributaries such as the Faroul, Dargol, Sirba, Garoubi, and Tapoa.
The Niger River then continues and forms the boundary between the Republic of Niger and BENIN.
This part of the Niger receives the Mekrou, a tributary from Benin.
Thereafter, the river enters the Federal Republic of NIGERIA, where the Benue River joins to create an important confluence of the two rivers at Lokoja in Nigeria.
From the confluence with the Benue, the Niger heads southward and discharges through a massive delta into the Gulf of Guinea or the ATLANTIC OCEAN.
- Another European railway strike
"The French railway strike is planned on October 8, and Belgium strike will be held the next day.
It is supposed that French train staff will stop working on the evening of October 7 and will resume it by the morning 9 October. The aim of the strike is to attract the attention of the authorities due to the worsened working conditions and also their payment dissatisfaction. To be more precise, the trade unions want to reassure the authorities not to reform the Labor Code and pension payroll system.
Their Belgium colleagues wish to come up with the same requirements. It was also reported that high-speed trains Eurostar will be routed between London and Lille without reaching Brussels due to the strike. Thalys trains connecting Belgium and French capital cities will be canceled. The tourists would better think of an alternative way or choose some other means of transport. "
- The British avoid visiting Islamic countries
"The research has revealed that 75% of British citizens are not eager to go on vacation to any Islamic countries due to the possible terror acts.
It is reported that Canary Islands and North Africa were always the most visited places by the British. However, following the terror acts in Tunis only one British out of four would prefer to go there. 54% of the surveyed stated that safety should be in the first place when traveling and 33% said that doubt about traveling to the countries which are considered to be dangerous for tourists. That is why in the upcoming winter season the British will likely go to Western European countries and the USA rather than visiting Tunis, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and Thailand. "