Map Page 1136 Area 49,998 square mi (129,494 square km) Population 5,128,517 Capital Managua Highest Point 7,998 ft (2,438 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $2,300 Primary Natural Resources gold, silver, cooper, tungsten, lead, zinc.
BORDERED by COSTA RICA and HONDURAS, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America.
The country is divided into three distinctive geographical regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Mountains and the Caribbean Lowlands (also known as the MOSQUITO COAST).
The Pacific Lowlands is a narrow strip of highly fertile land that is composed of approximately 40 volcanoes.
North-Central is mountainous, but the northwestern part of the country includes RAINFOREST.
Beyond the western mountain range, the western coast is lined with savannas.
Eastern Nicaragua is bordered by rainforest, lagoons, and swamps, and tropical diseases are common.
Two large freshwater lakes, Lake Nicaragua (Lago de Nicaragua) and Lake Managua (Lago de Managua), dominate the southwestern landscape.
Lake Nicaragua, which is the more southern of the two large lakes, is the largest freshwater body in Central America.
Approximately 20 percent of Nicaragua is arable.
Nicaragua is prone to severe earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and particularly hurricanes.
Hurricane Mitch, which struck the Atlantic coast in 1998, devastated the country, killing some 10,000 people, causing catastrophic mudslides, and destroying many bridges and roads.
The country has also suffered several volcanic eruptions and a major earthquake since the hurricane, which has made the country slow to recover its economy.
Nicaragua's climate is tropical.
The western part of the country is hotter and drier and experiences a rainy season between May and November.
The Eastern region is rainy nine months of the year and is subject to hurricanes.
Nicaragua's key environment concerns are deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution.
Among Nicaragua's earliest settlers were the Aztec people, who migrated down from the Mexican lowlands during the 10th century.
The Aztec culture remains an influence today.
Christopher Columbus is believed to be the first European to see Nicaragua, when he stumbled across the land during an expedition in 1502.
The first European settlers were a Spanish exploratory mission that reached the southern shores of Lake Nicaragua around 1522.
Nicaragua became a Spanish colony and remained so until gaining its independence from Spain in 1821.
Nicaragua officially became an independent republic in 1838.
After its independence, the country was headed by several conservative regimes.
In 1934, it fell under the power of a repressive military regime, which held power until 1979, when the Sandinista rebel forces overthrew the military.
The country held its first democratic elections in 1994.
Local governance of Nicaragua is divided into 15 administrative departments and two autonomous regions.
The autonomous regions are Atlantico Norte and Atlantico Sur.
The administrative departments are Boaco, Carazo, Chinadega, Chontales, Esteli, Granada, Jinotea, Leon, Madriz, Managua, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Rio San Juan, and Rivas.
Nicaragua is a developing nation.
The country is a significant producer of cotton and coffee.
There are also moderate gold and copper mining industries located in Nicaragua.
However, an estimated 50 percent of the Nicaraguan population lives below the poverty level.

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Last News

- The court has prohibited the crow to fly because of stealing tourists’ valuable things
"The British Court has issued the decision on the case of the crow that was violating public order. The royal bird Izzy that lives in the Knaresborough castle in North Yorkshire is famous for being fond of stealing cellphones and cameras from careless tourists.
The Court has restricted the crow to fly until the violator changes its conduct. The way it will be monitored stays unknown.
It is interesting that besides stealing an 8-year crow was also dropping the F-bombs. Probably these were the visitors of the castle who taught the crow to turn the air blue. An eight-year old Izzy has got a warning message for abusing people. "

- The capital city of Bulgaria opened a new museum
"The children-oriented museum invites them to explore the environmental world in a game style.
The so-called “Museiko” museum has been located at the kids’ centre in Sofia. Young explorers are able to go back to the past and gasp the meteorites dropped on our planet. There are also a lot of entertainment activities for kids: they will be offered to look at the world through the frog’s eyes, try their hands in archeology and construction, and puzzle out the nature mysteries and many other things.
At different levels of the museum children and parents are able to find themselves at various time spaces, which are the past, the present and the future. They will not only get the idea of the all possible opportunities in different scientific fields, but also will be able to play games on anxiety development and love to the activities in creativity. Besides this, different accelerated learning techniques will be used while working with young visitors. "