Map Page 1136 Area 49,998 square mi (129,494 square km) Population 5,128,517 Capital Managua Highest Point 7,998 ft (2,438 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $2,300 Primary Natural Resources gold, silver, cooper, tungsten, lead, zinc.
BORDERED by COSTA RICA and HONDURAS, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America.
The country is divided into three distinctive geographical regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Mountains and the Caribbean Lowlands (also known as the MOSQUITO COAST).
The Pacific Lowlands is a narrow strip of highly fertile land that is composed of approximately 40 volcanoes.
North-Central is mountainous, but the northwestern part of the country includes RAINFOREST.
Beyond the western mountain range, the western coast is lined with savannas.
Eastern Nicaragua is bordered by rainforest, lagoons, and swamps, and tropical diseases are common.
Two large freshwater lakes, Lake Nicaragua (Lago de Nicaragua) and Lake Managua (Lago de Managua), dominate the southwestern landscape.
Lake Nicaragua, which is the more southern of the two large lakes, is the largest freshwater body in Central America.
Approximately 20 percent of Nicaragua is arable.
Nicaragua is prone to severe earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and particularly hurricanes.
Hurricane Mitch, which struck the Atlantic coast in 1998, devastated the country, killing some 10,000 people, causing catastrophic mudslides, and destroying many bridges and roads.
The country has also suffered several volcanic eruptions and a major earthquake since the hurricane, which has made the country slow to recover its economy.
Nicaragua's climate is tropical.
The western part of the country is hotter and drier and experiences a rainy season between May and November.
The Eastern region is rainy nine months of the year and is subject to hurricanes.
Nicaragua's key environment concerns are deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution.
Among Nicaragua's earliest settlers were the Aztec people, who migrated down from the Mexican lowlands during the 10th century.
The Aztec culture remains an influence today.
Christopher Columbus is believed to be the first European to see Nicaragua, when he stumbled across the land during an expedition in 1502.
The first European settlers were a Spanish exploratory mission that reached the southern shores of Lake Nicaragua around 1522.
Nicaragua became a Spanish colony and remained so until gaining its independence from Spain in 1821.
Nicaragua officially became an independent republic in 1838.
After its independence, the country was headed by several conservative regimes.
In 1934, it fell under the power of a repressive military regime, which held power until 1979, when the Sandinista rebel forces overthrew the military.
The country held its first democratic elections in 1994.
Local governance of Nicaragua is divided into 15 administrative departments and two autonomous regions.
The autonomous regions are Atlantico Norte and Atlantico Sur.
The administrative departments are Boaco, Carazo, Chinadega, Chontales, Esteli, Granada, Jinotea, Leon, Madriz, Managua, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Rio San Juan, and Rivas.
Nicaragua is a developing nation.
The country is a significant producer of cotton and coffee.
There are also moderate gold and copper mining industries located in Nicaragua.
However, an estimated 50 percent of the Nicaraguan population lives below the poverty level.

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Last News

- The world best airport is now determined
"The Dubai International Airport is recognized to be the world best airport in 2015 by WorldRoutes Marketing Award. The airport is considered to be the busiest one: the passenger traffic exceeds 50 million people each year. Having been recently modernized the airport is now able to serve about 80 million passengers each year.
Among the airports with an average passenger capability (i.e. from 20 to 50 million people) the Copenhagen International Airport was recognized to be the best one. The first place took Prague among the airports with passenger traffic of 20 million people.
It should be mentioned that no Russian airports showed up in the rate list. "

- The first spa for children will appear in Andorra
"The Caldea Innu center will build the first spa center for children. The investment for this unusual project will reach 650, 000 euro.
It is expected that the spa center for children, occupying about 400 sq m will be able to invite its first clients in summer 2016. The center will serve only the clients between 3 and 8 years of age. The main goal of the thermal resort is the family tourism development.
The first spa center in the world will include a resting area as well as the procedure area and water games section. "