Map Page 1136 Area 49,998 square mi (129,494 square km) Population 5,128,517 Capital Managua Highest Point 7,998 ft (2,438 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $2,300 Primary Natural Resources gold, silver, cooper, tungsten, lead, zinc.
BORDERED by COSTA RICA and HONDURAS, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America.
The country is divided into three distinctive geographical regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Mountains and the Caribbean Lowlands (also known as the MOSQUITO COAST).
The Pacific Lowlands is a narrow strip of highly fertile land that is composed of approximately 40 volcanoes.
North-Central is mountainous, but the northwestern part of the country includes RAINFOREST.
Beyond the western mountain range, the western coast is lined with savannas.
Eastern Nicaragua is bordered by rainforest, lagoons, and swamps, and tropical diseases are common.
Two large freshwater lakes, Lake Nicaragua (Lago de Nicaragua) and Lake Managua (Lago de Managua), dominate the southwestern landscape.
Lake Nicaragua, which is the more southern of the two large lakes, is the largest freshwater body in Central America.
Approximately 20 percent of Nicaragua is arable.
Nicaragua is prone to severe earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and particularly hurricanes.
Hurricane Mitch, which struck the Atlantic coast in 1998, devastated the country, killing some 10,000 people, causing catastrophic mudslides, and destroying many bridges and roads.
The country has also suffered several volcanic eruptions and a major earthquake since the hurricane, which has made the country slow to recover its economy.
Nicaragua's climate is tropical.
The western part of the country is hotter and drier and experiences a rainy season between May and November.
The Eastern region is rainy nine months of the year and is subject to hurricanes.
Nicaragua's key environment concerns are deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution.
Among Nicaragua's earliest settlers were the Aztec people, who migrated down from the Mexican lowlands during the 10th century.
The Aztec culture remains an influence today.
Christopher Columbus is believed to be the first European to see Nicaragua, when he stumbled across the land during an expedition in 1502.
The first European settlers were a Spanish exploratory mission that reached the southern shores of Lake Nicaragua around 1522.
Nicaragua became a Spanish colony and remained so until gaining its independence from Spain in 1821.
Nicaragua officially became an independent republic in 1838.
After its independence, the country was headed by several conservative regimes.
In 1934, it fell under the power of a repressive military regime, which held power until 1979, when the Sandinista rebel forces overthrew the military.
The country held its first democratic elections in 1994.
Local governance of Nicaragua is divided into 15 administrative departments and two autonomous regions.
The autonomous regions are Atlantico Norte and Atlantico Sur.
The administrative departments are Boaco, Carazo, Chinadega, Chontales, Esteli, Granada, Jinotea, Leon, Madriz, Managua, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Rio San Juan, and Rivas.
Nicaragua is a developing nation.
The country is a significant producer of cotton and coffee.
There are also moderate gold and copper mining industries located in Nicaragua.
However, an estimated 50 percent of the Nicaraguan population lives below the poverty level.
- Switzerland will have its own “Golden Ring”
"Soon the ringed tour is to become available for tourists. The novelty got a simple name of “Grand-tour”, which absolutely correlates to what tourists are going to see during the tour and will be able to get to know with all country tourism brands while traveling.
This tour includes mountain hiking, photo stops at panoramic places, visiting UNESCO monuments and protected areas as well as mountain passes and crystallized lakes and also city tours. You will not lose the opportunity to visit Geneva, a city which is famous as the best week-end city on the continent, and you will also visit the city of Zurich, which is one the places with fresh air in Europe. The duration of the tour is still a secret; however, it is already known that the length of the route will extend up to 1,500 km. "
- Will it be possible for tourists to access the most Jerusalem’s holy sites?
"Police is limiting the access beyond the fortress walls of the Old City due to the following clashes between Israelis and Palestinians.
Following the accident in which a Palestinian has killed two people on the street in Jerusalem and his brother has stabbed the Israeli teenager the mass uprisings have begun. Being afraid of the clashes between Israelis and Palestinians police has made a decision that only local residents are allowed to visit the Old City. This also refers to the tourists only if they stayed in the hotels located in the old part of the city.
Other tourists wishing to enter the Old City will not be able to visit it. And this is the place where the main Holy land sites are located: the temple “of the Holy Sepulcher”, the Wailing Wall, the Via Dolorosa, the Citadel of David with its museum of city history, crusaders’ street, the Temple Mount with the Al-Aqsa golden-domed mosque. The authorities report that it is likely that tomorrow everyone will be welcomed to enter."