Map Page 1136 Area 49,998 square mi (129,494 square km) Population 5,128,517 Capital Managua Highest Point 7,998 ft (2,438 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $2,300 Primary Natural Resources gold, silver, cooper, tungsten, lead, zinc.
BORDERED by COSTA RICA and HONDURAS, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America.
The country is divided into three distinctive geographical regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Mountains and the Caribbean Lowlands (also known as the MOSQUITO COAST).
The Pacific Lowlands is a narrow strip of highly fertile land that is composed of approximately 40 volcanoes.
North-Central is mountainous, but the northwestern part of the country includes RAINFOREST.
Beyond the western mountain range, the western coast is lined with savannas.
Eastern Nicaragua is bordered by rainforest, lagoons, and swamps, and tropical diseases are common.
Two large freshwater lakes, Lake Nicaragua (Lago de Nicaragua) and Lake Managua (Lago de Managua), dominate the southwestern landscape.
Lake Nicaragua, which is the more southern of the two large lakes, is the largest freshwater body in Central America.
Approximately 20 percent of Nicaragua is arable.
Nicaragua is prone to severe earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and particularly hurricanes.
Hurricane Mitch, which struck the Atlantic coast in 1998, devastated the country, killing some 10,000 people, causing catastrophic mudslides, and destroying many bridges and roads.
The country has also suffered several volcanic eruptions and a major earthquake since the hurricane, which has made the country slow to recover its economy.
Nicaragua's climate is tropical.
The western part of the country is hotter and drier and experiences a rainy season between May and November.
The Eastern region is rainy nine months of the year and is subject to hurricanes.
Nicaragua's key environment concerns are deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution.
Among Nicaragua's earliest settlers were the Aztec people, who migrated down from the Mexican lowlands during the 10th century.
The Aztec culture remains an influence today.
Christopher Columbus is believed to be the first European to see Nicaragua, when he stumbled across the land during an expedition in 1502.
The first European settlers were a Spanish exploratory mission that reached the southern shores of Lake Nicaragua around 1522.
Nicaragua became a Spanish colony and remained so until gaining its independence from Spain in 1821.
Nicaragua officially became an independent republic in 1838.
After its independence, the country was headed by several conservative regimes.
In 1934, it fell under the power of a repressive military regime, which held power until 1979, when the Sandinista rebel forces overthrew the military.
The country held its first democratic elections in 1994.
Local governance of Nicaragua is divided into 15 administrative departments and two autonomous regions.
The autonomous regions are Atlantico Norte and Atlantico Sur.
The administrative departments are Boaco, Carazo, Chinadega, Chontales, Esteli, Granada, Jinotea, Leon, Madriz, Managua, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Rio San Juan, and Rivas.
Nicaragua is a developing nation.
The country is a significant producer of cotton and coffee.
There are also moderate gold and copper mining industries located in Nicaragua.
However, an estimated 50 percent of the Nicaraguan population lives below the poverty level.
- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "
- The British avoid visiting Islamic countries
"The research has revealed that 75% of British citizens are not eager to go on vacation to any Islamic countries due to the possible terror acts.
It is reported that Canary Islands and North Africa were always the most visited places by the British. However, following the terror acts in Tunis only one British out of four would prefer to go there. 54% of the surveyed stated that safety should be in the first place when traveling and 33% said that doubt about traveling to the countries which are considered to be dangerous for tourists. That is why in the upcoming winter season the British will likely go to Western European countries and the USA rather than visiting Tunis, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and Thailand. "