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Mumbai (Bombay)



BOMBAY, RENAMED Mumbai in 1995, is a city in western INDIA and the capital of the Indian state of Maharashta.
With its three totally computerized stock exchanges that handle 70 percent of the country's stock transactions and manufacturing (particularly in textiles, which employs 11 percent of India's factory workers), Mumbai is the most important economic center of South Asia.
It is India's largest port in tonnage handled.
Mumbai is not only the largest city of India, with an estimated population of 16 million (2000), but is also the fifth-largest metropolis in the world.
Mumbai is projected by the United Nations (UN) to be the third-largest city by 2015, when its population will reach 22.6 million.
The old city of Bombay, an island, has a lowland terrain and has gone through several stages of reclamation.
It forms the southern tip of Greater Bombay.
The main part of the metropolis is separated from mainland India by a narrow water body; to the west lies the Western Ghats mountain range.
Located south of the TROPIC OF CANCER and falling in the monsoon climate zone, its annual rainfall averages 84 in (213 cm), mostly from June through September.
Mumbai's average January temperature is 66 degrees F (19 degrees C) and the May average is 81 degrees F (27 degrees C).
THE CITY'S HISTORY Historically, Bombay was a fishing village ceded to Portuguese in 1534 by the regional ruler, Bahadur Shah.
In 1661, it was transferred to the British as a wedding gift to King Charles II of England, when he married the sister of Portuguese king.
The British king then leased the territory to the newly formed East India Company.
A fort built in 1717 became the main center of colonial activity.
The center of the fort had three radiating roads (still in existence) leading to the city's Apollo, Church, and Bazar gates.
When congestion increased considerately within the fort, settlements spread outside the walls.
The wall was torn down in 1861.
Mumbai is the most diverse Indian metropolis: 67 percent are Hindu, 14 percent Muslim, 7 percent Sikh, 6 percent Christian, 4 percent Jain, and 4 percent Buddhist.
Though English is the language of the elites, 42 percent are Marathi speakers, 18 percent Gujarati, 11 percent Urdu, 10 percent Hindi, 3 percent Tamil, 3 percent Sindhi, and 2 percent Punjabi.
The city has several masterpieces of colonial architecture: Victoria (Chatrapati Shivaji) Terminus, the Municipal Building, and the University of Bombay.
It is a leading educational center; the University of Mumbai was founded in 1857 and several colleges, including medical colleges, are also prevalent.
Mumbai makes the largest number of films compared to any other city of the world.
The metropolis is rightly called "Bollywood, the star machine of India."

Mumbai (Bombay) Images


Last News

- A tourist has robbed a Thai bank to buy a ticket home
"The Australian tourist had a great time in Thailand, as we can see. He has been staying in the South-East Asian country this man realized that he had spent all his money and now cannot get home.
In order to buy an air ticket he didn’t have a better idea, but to go and rob a bank. The Australian broke into one of the departments in the center of Bangkok city wearing a mask and with a gun in his hands, which then turned out to be a toy gun.
23-year old tourist got 170,000 baht from the tellers, but didn’t manage to hide: he was quickly arrested by the police. Being questioned the criminal explained that he took the extreme measure because he couldn’t fly back home.
Thai police was not affected by his story; and by the local law the thief faces up to 10 years jail. "

- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "