BOMBAY, RENAMED Mumbai in 1995, is a city in western INDIA and the capital of the Indian state of Maharashta.
With its three totally computerized stock exchanges that handle 70 percent of the country's stock transactions and manufacturing (particularly in textiles, which employs 11 percent of India's factory workers), Mumbai is the most important economic center of South Asia.
It is India's largest port in tonnage handled.
Mumbai is not only the largest city of India, with an estimated population of 16 million (2000), but is also the fifth-largest metropolis in the world.
Mumbai is projected by the United Nations (UN) to be the third-largest city by 2015, when its population will reach 22.6 million.
The old city of Bombay, an island, has a lowland terrain and has gone through several stages of reclamation.
It forms the southern tip of Greater Bombay.
The main part of the metropolis is separated from mainland India by a narrow water body; to the west lies the Western Ghats mountain range.
Located south of the TROPIC OF CANCER and falling in the monsoon climate zone, its annual rainfall averages 84 in (213 cm), mostly from June through September.
Mumbai's average January temperature is 66 degrees F (19 degrees C) and the May average is 81 degrees F (27 degrees C).
THE CITY'S HISTORY Historically, Bombay was a fishing village ceded to Portuguese in 1534 by the regional ruler, Bahadur Shah.
In 1661, it was transferred to the British as a wedding gift to King Charles II of England, when he married the sister of Portuguese king.
The British king then leased the territory to the newly formed East India Company.
A fort built in 1717 became the main center of colonial activity.
The center of the fort had three radiating roads (still in existence) leading to the city's Apollo, Church, and Bazar gates.
When congestion increased considerately within the fort, settlements spread outside the walls.
The wall was torn down in 1861.
Mumbai is the most diverse Indian metropolis: 67 percent are Hindu, 14 percent Muslim, 7 percent Sikh, 6 percent Christian, 4 percent Jain, and 4 percent Buddhist.
Though English is the language of the elites, 42 percent are Marathi speakers, 18 percent Gujarati, 11 percent Urdu, 10 percent Hindi, 3 percent Tamil, 3 percent Sindhi, and 2 percent Punjabi.
The city has several masterpieces of colonial architecture: Victoria (Chatrapati Shivaji) Terminus, the Municipal Building, and the University of Bombay.
It is a leading educational center; the University of Mumbai was founded in 1857 and several colleges, including medical colleges, are also prevalent.
Mumbai makes the largest number of films compared to any other city of the world.
The metropolis is rightly called "Bollywood, the star machine of India."
- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "
- Dubai is announcing another motor festival
"The Emirates invite everyone to take part in the holiday devoted to the car festival that takes place from November 10 to 21, 2015.
A 12-day festival offers all the guests in Dubai to see a drift show, have a look at the last car models and of course make a selfie. Tourists will also have a possibility to witness the grand motor parade, where retro cars, trucks and motorcycles will be present. Motor “march” will cover the central streets of the city.
Car owners will take part in the most unusual car contest. Tourists are free to see all those weird cars in the contest. An 80,000 sq m “iron horse” exhibition will be also held during the event. Tourists will also enjoy the Dubai international rally, which is an important part of the festival. You can have a chance to take a sit in the car you are dreaming of. "