BOMBAY, RENAMED Mumbai in 1995, is a city in western INDIA and the capital of the Indian state of Maharashta.
With its three totally computerized stock exchanges that handle 70 percent of the country's stock transactions and manufacturing (particularly in textiles, which employs 11 percent of India's factory workers), Mumbai is the most important economic center of South Asia.
It is India's largest port in tonnage handled.
Mumbai is not only the largest city of India, with an estimated population of 16 million (2000), but is also the fifth-largest metropolis in the world.
Mumbai is projected by the United Nations (UN) to be the third-largest city by 2015, when its population will reach 22.6 million.
The old city of Bombay, an island, has a lowland terrain and has gone through several stages of reclamation.
It forms the southern tip of Greater Bombay.
The main part of the metropolis is separated from mainland India by a narrow water body; to the west lies the Western Ghats mountain range.
Located south of the TROPIC OF CANCER and falling in the monsoon climate zone, its annual rainfall averages 84 in (213 cm), mostly from June through September.
Mumbai's average January temperature is 66 degrees F (19 degrees C) and the May average is 81 degrees F (27 degrees C).
THE CITY'S HISTORY Historically, Bombay was a fishing village ceded to Portuguese in 1534 by the regional ruler, Bahadur Shah.
In 1661, it was transferred to the British as a wedding gift to King Charles II of England, when he married the sister of Portuguese king.
The British king then leased the territory to the newly formed East India Company.
A fort built in 1717 became the main center of colonial activity.
The center of the fort had three radiating roads (still in existence) leading to the city's Apollo, Church, and Bazar gates.
When congestion increased considerately within the fort, settlements spread outside the walls.
The wall was torn down in 1861.
Mumbai is the most diverse Indian metropolis: 67 percent are Hindu, 14 percent Muslim, 7 percent Sikh, 6 percent Christian, 4 percent Jain, and 4 percent Buddhist.
Though English is the language of the elites, 42 percent are Marathi speakers, 18 percent Gujarati, 11 percent Urdu, 10 percent Hindi, 3 percent Tamil, 3 percent Sindhi, and 2 percent Punjabi.
The city has several masterpieces of colonial architecture: Victoria (Chatrapati Shivaji) Terminus, the Municipal Building, and the University of Bombay.
It is a leading educational center; the University of Mumbai was founded in 1857 and several colleges, including medical colleges, are also prevalent.
Mumbai makes the largest number of films compared to any other city of the world.
The metropolis is rightly called "Bollywood, the star machine of India."
- Titanic will be cruising in three years
"The ship, which is the copy of the infamous ship, will be first launched in 2018. The Australian billionaire Cleve Palmer made a decision in 2013 to recreate the Titanic that sank a century ago. It was planned that the ship should become a part of the Blue Star Line Company and make its first cruise in 2016. It was planned that Titanic 2 would have its precursor’s route from Southampton to New York.
However, according to the last information published the ship will be launched only in 2018 and its first cruise will be routed from Jiangsu to Dubai. As the press reports, the route was changed not because of the superstitious threat, but to arrange the collaboration with the Emirates. "
- Spain is inviting to go shopping to the “unexplored” cities
"By 2019 the country is planning to increase their income up to 5 billion euro from selling goods and services to the tourists.
Spain is quite a hyped up place where one can go shopping. Still, the country’s annual profit reaches 1.6 billion euro from holidaymakers. Madrid and Barcelona are considered to be highly-visited touristic cities, which is about 37-47% of tourist-shoppers accordingly. The rest is dispersed among the other cities in Spain.
However, the local authorities are not so satisfied with such a situation. They intend to build up the population settlements with shopping streets which were before unknown to the foreign shoppers. It is said that in the near future the experienced tourists will realize the shopping capabilities of the country, besides the two most attractive cities, Madrid and Barcelona. "