BOMBAY, RENAMED Mumbai in 1995, is a city in western INDIA and the capital of the Indian state of Maharashta.
With its three totally computerized stock exchanges that handle 70 percent of the country's stock transactions and manufacturing (particularly in textiles, which employs 11 percent of India's factory workers), Mumbai is the most important economic center of South Asia.
It is India's largest port in tonnage handled.
Mumbai is not only the largest city of India, with an estimated population of 16 million (2000), but is also the fifth-largest metropolis in the world.
Mumbai is projected by the United Nations (UN) to be the third-largest city by 2015, when its population will reach 22.6 million.
The old city of Bombay, an island, has a lowland terrain and has gone through several stages of reclamation.
It forms the southern tip of Greater Bombay.
The main part of the metropolis is separated from mainland India by a narrow water body; to the west lies the Western Ghats mountain range.
Located south of the TROPIC OF CANCER and falling in the monsoon climate zone, its annual rainfall averages 84 in (213 cm), mostly from June through September.
Mumbai's average January temperature is 66 degrees F (19 degrees C) and the May average is 81 degrees F (27 degrees C).
THE CITY'S HISTORY Historically, Bombay was a fishing village ceded to Portuguese in 1534 by the regional ruler, Bahadur Shah.
In 1661, it was transferred to the British as a wedding gift to King Charles II of England, when he married the sister of Portuguese king.
The British king then leased the territory to the newly formed East India Company.
A fort built in 1717 became the main center of colonial activity.
The center of the fort had three radiating roads (still in existence) leading to the city's Apollo, Church, and Bazar gates.
When congestion increased considerately within the fort, settlements spread outside the walls.
The wall was torn down in 1861.
Mumbai is the most diverse Indian metropolis: 67 percent are Hindu, 14 percent Muslim, 7 percent Sikh, 6 percent Christian, 4 percent Jain, and 4 percent Buddhist.
Though English is the language of the elites, 42 percent are Marathi speakers, 18 percent Gujarati, 11 percent Urdu, 10 percent Hindi, 3 percent Tamil, 3 percent Sindhi, and 2 percent Punjabi.
The city has several masterpieces of colonial architecture: Victoria (Chatrapati Shivaji) Terminus, the Municipal Building, and the University of Bombay.
It is a leading educational center; the University of Mumbai was founded in 1857 and several colleges, including medical colleges, are also prevalent.
Mumbai makes the largest number of films compared to any other city of the world.
The metropolis is rightly called "Bollywood, the star machine of India."
- The seaweed invasion prevents tourists to enjoy the Dominican beaches
"Tourists couldn’t but leave the country due to the experienced inconveniences. Basically, these are the eastern resorts that prevent tourists to enjoy their vacation. The embarrassing seaweed made their staying here simply intolerable. Local travel agencies say that the number of holidaymakers went down up to 95%.
The authorities are trying to deal with a bad luck collecting the weeds around the coastal areas. However, they are still facing a problem and the number of the sea “inhabitants” is still growing. It is stated that it is a priority to clean all the rubbish stored at the beaches, otherwise the country will have no tourists that will bring them no income afterwards.
Scientists report that the mounting pollution may be caused by two reasons. According to the first assumption the seaweed appeared on the Dominican coastlines due to the climate change: the average temperature has considerably increased over recent years. The second theory goes that the hurricane has brought them. "
- A five star hotel offers rooms at a price as low as $2
"Knickerocker is a luxury hotel that offers a surprisingly special deal. The hotel edging the Times Square offers rooms to the guests at a price $2.
A special offer is assigned to the 109 anniversary of the hotel. It is interesting that the price of $2 is not randomly chosen: that was exactly the day stay price the first guests paid at Knockerocker.
It should be noted that the special offer has a limited number of rooms. The offer is only valid only for bookings made online on the hotel’s website before evening October 16, 2015. "