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Mozambique



Map Page 1116 Area 309,496 square mi (801,590 square km) Population 17.6 million Capital Maputo Highest Point 7,992 ft (2,436 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $1,100 Primary Natural Resources coal, natural gas, titanium ore, iron ore.
MOZAMBIQUE IS located in southeast Africa and is about twice the size of CALIFORNIA.
It is bordered on the north by TANZANIA, on the east by the MOZAMBIQUE CHANNEL of the INDIAN OCEAN, on the south and southwest by SOUTH AFRICA and SWAZILAND, and on the west by ZIMBABWE, ZAMBIA, and MALAWI.
The only natural borders are Lake MALAWI in the northwest between Malawi and Mozambique and the Rovuma River, which forms part of the northern border with Tanzania.
The Mozambique Channel separates Mozambique from the island of MADAGASCAR.
Mozambique has 1,600 mi (2,575 km) of coastline that is interrupted by numerous river mouths.
The rivers that run through Mozambique to the ocean include the Rovuma, Lurio, Incomati, Lugela, Revue, Save, Limpopo, and the famous Zambezi.
South of the Zambezi, the coast is very narrow and the northern coast near Rovuma features rocky cliffs with numerous islets and lagoons.
To the far south, just above South Africa, are Maputo Bay and the capital city of Maputo.
The Zambezi River flows through the north-central area of Mozambique and is the most fertile part of the country.
It is the only navigable river in the country with a heavy flow of water traffic from its mouth to the city of Tete.
Above Tete, about 400 mi (645 km) inland on the Zambezi, is the huge hydroelectric plant Cabora Bassa.
Most of the electricity created there is exported to South Africa.
The Zambezi River is the fourth-longest river in Africa, stretching some 2,200 mi (3,540 km) from where it begins, looping through northwestern Zambia to the spectacular cataract of Victoria Falls on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, through Lake Kariba and finally entering Mozambique.
SAVANNAS AND LOWLANDS Most of Mozambique is covered with tropical savanna and coastal lowlands that rise slowly inland to where they form plateaus, which are then broken by isolated mountain peaks.
The highest of these lies to the north along the Zimbabwean border east of Lake Malawi and is called Monte Binga.
One-third of Lake Malawi lies within the Mozambique border and this area is covered in tea and sisal plantations.
Most of Mozambique's income comes from agriculture, making it one of the poorest countries in the world: 75 percent of the country is rural, growing cashews, copra, tea, sisal, and cotton.
In the south, they grow rice, sugar-cane, bananas, and citrus fruits.
They do raise cattle, sheep, and goats, but their numbers are kept low by the diseasecarrying tsetse fly.
Some fishing takes place in the Mozambique Channel and mainly brings in shrimp for export.
Most of the population speaks a Bantu language and comes from 10 major ethnic groups.
The Makua- Lomwe, living in northern Mozambique, make up nearly 50 percent of that region, along with the Yao and Makonde.
In the center of Mozambique live the Thonga, Chewa, Nyanja, and Sena; in the south live the Shona and Tonga.
Mozambique gained its independence on June 25, 1975, from PORTUGAL.
The country is structured as a multiparty democracy with a free market economy.
Mozambique has suffered through spells of droughts and heavy flooding in the decade that have severely hurt the economy.

Mozambique Images


Last News

- You can now apply for Australian Visa through the Internet
"Country entry permit application has become facilitated and the procedure itself takes less time.
Starting from October 1 this year this new system allows to apply for visa online 24/7, including holidays.
Electronic system makes possible not to visit the consulate to apply for the entry permit and you no longer need to mail papers. Moreover, the authorized individuals for applying from the applicant are free to use this system to apply for a visa instead of the applicant.
You are able to verify your application status through the Internet and when you get the entry permit to Australia all the documents will be sent either to your e-mail address or by a registered letter on the mailing address specified in the application form. You will need to take the received document with you and be able to show it if needed. However, it is noted that the airline company will be aware whether you have got the Australian visa or not (airport staff have an access to the electronic data system, which will also include information about received entry permits) and therefore you may not show your visa at passport control and during the boarding. "

- The company calls off flight because of the spider aboard
"The lost tarantula has destroyed the plans of hundreds passengers.
The Delta Airlines plane had to operate the scheduled flight on the Baltimore – Atlanta route. The departure time was scheduled 7 p.m. However, at the very last moment a spider has been discovered in the cargo hold. The crew notified the captain of the aircraft, who then made a decision to cancel the flight. After that, all the passengers were asked to go back to the Baltimore Airport terminal.
While the passengers were leaving the aircraft the reason why the tarantula appeared aboard has been revealed. The spider escaped from a tourist’s baggage, who was supposed to take the same plane. Nevertheless, the passengers managed to get to Atlanta; 3 hours after the accident happened, they departed on another aircraft. "