Map Page 1120 Area 604,250 square mi (1,565,000 square km) Population 2,712,315 Capital Ulaanbaatar Highest Point 14,350 ft (4,374 m) Lowest Point 1,699 ft (518 m) GDP per capita $1,840 Primary Natural Resources oil, coal, copper, tin, nickel.
ONCE ONE OF THE world's largest empires (under Genghis Khan), Mongolia eventually became a territory of CHINA, then was dominated by the former Soviet Union.
LANDLOCKED (bordered by China and RUSSIA) and often considered to be all DESERT, Mongolia, in fact, contains numerous mountains, forests, and lakes.
Only its southern margins bordering on China are drylands and deserts.
However, even these support sparse grasses and nomadic herders.
Mongolia can be divided into a series of northsouth and east-west grids.
Generally, the northern third of the country is mountainous and forest-covered and has several large lakes.
Its natural features include the Henti and Hangai mountains and lakes Hovsgol and Ulaangom.
The north also is the most economically developed and urbanized segment of the country.
The middle section is a STEPPE or GRASSLAND mixed with forests.
Desert and grasslands are in the south.
Here are concentrated the major herding areas and the nomadic population that emphasizes raising a combination of camels, goats, sheep and horses.
It also is the area most susceptible to massive herd losses from winter blizzards known as dzud.
Fortunately, animals are a renewable resource.
GRASSES AND DESERTS The southernmost section is dominated by sparse grasses and hard desert surfaces.
And, as with most deserts, it also is scoured by often tornadic winds and sandstorms.
This is the area where the famous dinosaur remains have been concentrated; the first discovery of dinosaur eggs in 1923 was during an expedition led by the scientist Roy Chapman Andrews.
Along the axis of an east-west grid, eastern Mongolia is generally a moist and rich grassland.
It also has recently been the site of oil and natural gas development.
Its closest economic link is with northeast China (the former Manchuria).
The western third is dominated by the Altai Mountains and its basins.
The population here generally has large numbers of nomadic Kazakhs.
There are a number of large inland lakes, such as Ulaangom, that are important wildlife (migratory waterfowl) refuges.
The central core area is the most urban.
It is dominated by the only rail line in Mongolia.
This line links Mongolia with the rest of the world via transit through either China (the shortest route) or Irkutsk in the Russian Federation.
Today, Mongolia is a republic with democratic elections and an elected parliament (Hural).
An interesting part of Mongolia's culture is that women have full suffrage, serve in the Hural, and have always had full equality with men, even in the time of Khan.

Mongolia Images

Last News

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"By 2019 the country is planning to increase their income up to 5 billion euro from selling goods and services to the tourists.
Spain is quite a hyped up place where one can go shopping. Still, the country’s annual profit reaches 1.6 billion euro from holidaymakers. Madrid and Barcelona are considered to be highly-visited touristic cities, which is about 37-47% of tourist-shoppers accordingly. The rest is dispersed among the other cities in Spain.
However, the local authorities are not so satisfied with such a situation. They intend to build up the population settlements with shopping streets which were before unknown to the foreign shoppers. It is said that in the near future the experienced tourists will realize the shopping capabilities of the country, besides the two most attractive cities, Madrid and Barcelona. "

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Before that there had been another accident. American Airlines plane from Boston to Phoenix had to make an emergency landing at the Syracuse Airport because one of the pilots died. The stewardess, who provided first hand medical attention failed to save him. There were 147 people onboard that day. "