Introduction of Lublin
City and capital of Lublin province, on the Bystrzyca River, 95 mi SE of Warsaw. Founded as a stronghold in the late ninth century, it was the scene of the signing of the Union of Lublin between Poland and Lithuania in 1569. It passed to Austria in 1795 and to Russia in 1815. It was the temporary seat of the first independent Polish government after World War I. During the Nazi occupation of World War II the Majdanek concentration camp was set up nearby in 1941. Here 1,500,000 people were exterminated. At the Potsdam Conference in February 1945 the Lublin government was recognized as sole Polish authority, and it again became briefly the seat of Polish government. Today it is the industrial and cultural center for southeast Poland .