ALSO SPELLED Lob-Nor, Lop Nur, and Lop Nuur, this name invites confusion as it has been applied to a lake (actually two), a village, and a region in eastern XINJIANG province (CHINA).
Lop is also the name of a "great desert" and a "large town" that Marco Polo mentioned and Faxian described.
The city of Lop was well located at the center of a network of commercial roads leading to China proper, Tibet, and Turkestan.
Caravans used to rest for one week in Lop before they undertook a one-month-long crossing of the desert.
The SILK ROAD merchants sought to avoid the shorter but hazardous route through Lop.
Only the bones of those who died during sandstorms helped travelers orient themselves though the immense plains of the Lop desert.
Some 217 mi (350 km) away from the Lop Nor Lake, Chinese maps show a city named Lop Nur (or Yuli) on the Konqi River that feeds the lake.
"Lop" designates also a village in Kara Buran, the southern basin of Lop Nor Lake.
Curiously, the Mongoliansounding name "Lop Nor" is not in use among the Lopliks, the Turkish people who inhabit the region.
They employ the term Lop for the area that stretches from the Ughen Daria River to the city of Charkhlik.
The Russian geographer Prschevalskij would have applied the name of the region to the lake (then desiccated) by mistake.
Transcribed Luobu bo in Chinese, Lop Nor Lake used to be one of the terminal lakes of the Tarim River.
The Swedish explorer Sven Hedin called Lop Nor a "wandering lake" because the fluctuations of the Tarim have created two terminal lakes that are alternatively full and empty.
When the river flows east, the Lop Nor fills up; when the river flows south, another terminal lake, the Kara Koshun, receives its waters while the Lop Nor dwindles.
Dam and irrigation projects have severely altered the water supply of the Tarim-Konqi system to the entire lake area during the 20th century.
Between 1921 and 1952, Lop Nor Lake covered 926 square mi (2,400 square km).
The lake has been totally dry since 1964.
All the other terminal lakes disappeared after 1972, when the construction of a large reservoir near Tikanlik, China, was completed.
- Cardiff hosts Champions League final
"The final European club tournament football match 2017 will be held in the capital city in Wales. The final match will be held at the end of May at the Millennium Stadium with the max capacity of 74, 000 fans located in the central part of Cardiff.
The decision was taken at UEFA Executive Committee meeting in Prague.
European League final, the second leading tournament will be held in Stockholm at Friends Arena Stadium with a total capacity of about 50, 000 people.
The Super Cup match will stage in Skopje and will host Champions League and European League winners. "
- The price for having holidays in Rome is now +30 euro a day
"The Eternal City authorities have decided to increase considerably a tax pay for tourists. Therefore, one tourist bus, entering the centre of the Italian capital will be charged 1,000 euro.
Let us note that at the moment the tourist bus entrance to the sightseeing city is charged 200 euro, so it means that Rome authorities are planning to increase a tax pay as high as five times. This innovation should enter into force in December 2015.
The experts have estimated and report that with this tax rise, tourists will have to pay extra 30 euro a day in Rome. "