Map Page 1113 Area 679,362 square mi (1,759,540 square km) Population 5,499,074 Capital Tripoli Highest Point 7,437 ft (2,267 m) Lowest Point -154 ft (-47 m) GDP per capita $7,600 Primary Natural Resources crude oil, petroleum products.
A RELATIVELY LARGE country, similar in size to the state of ALASKA, Libya largely consists of broad rolling deserts, barren rock inselbergs and immense dune fields or ERGS.
It is a landscape of sandstorms; hot dusty wind, or ghibli; an expanding desert; and scarce water.
More than 90 percent of the country is considered arid or semiarid.
It primary cities are all located on the MEDITERRANEAN SEA coastline, which has facilitated its links across North Africa to Europe and western Asia.
Generally speaking, the Saharan plateau covers most of Libya.
The exceptions are in the northwest corner in a region known as Tripolitania and in the northeast in Cyrenaica, Libya's largest region.
The Tripolitania region, which runs north to south, is a string of carefully cultivated coastal oases in addition to the triangular Al-Jifarah plain, and the Nafusah Plateau, 200 mi (320 km) of limestone between 2,000 and 3,000 ft (600 to 915 m) in elevation.
Libya has no perennial rivers, but there are extensive underground aquifers that support artesian wells and springs.
Libya's arid desert climate is moderated along the coast by the Mediterranean Sea.
Precipitation ranges from 16 to 20 in (40 to 50 cm) in the northern hills to less than 5 in (12 cm) throughout most of the south, and to 1 in (2.5 cm) in the Libyan Desert.
Droughts are common, meaning natural vegetation is minimal.
Libya's principal mineral resource is its reserves of petroleum, Africa's largest and among the world's largest.
Since it earliest days as a major Phoenician and Roman territory on the North African coast of the Mediterranean Sea, Libya has been raided and colonized by Vandals, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and Italians until its independence in 1951.
Only a few years later, the country changed dramatically with the discovery of enormous oil reserves.
In 1969, a 27-year-old Muammar Qaddafi led a successful coup to gain control of the nation.
Qaddafi has been victorious in removing any imprints of previous cultures to create a landscape from his own vision.
Based upon his Third International Theory, he created a political system combining Islam and socialism.
Using petroleum revenues in the 1970s and 1980s to promote political ideologies (including supporting terrorist activities) throughout the region, Libya prompted the United Nations (UN) to impose economic sanctions after the Lockerbie terrorist bombing was suspected to have had Libyan ties.
The sanctions were then lifted in April 1999 when Qaddafi handed over Lockerbie bombing suspects.

Libya Images

Last News

- The smog has affected tourists’ plans in Thailand
"Several flights were canceled due to the smoke.
The wildfires are storming around in Indonesia, the smoke of which extends 100 km away. Due to the wind direction smog has covered Phuket and Samui, the Thai’s islands. It is said that the smoke is neither life nor health threatening for tourists. There is no burning smell as well. Nevertheless, the tourists are not recommended to go in for sports outdoors. One of the country’s media centre states that the Phuket Island community has sent an open letter to the authorities of Thailand asking about taking steps on the smog elimination. According to what they say, the south part of the country is covered by the poisonous smoke that can cause development of various diseases among the local population. Also the islanders say that smog crashes the tourists’ plans that they cannot fly out because of the flight cancellation. For instance, only five airplanes that took off from Bangkok flying to Phuket and Samui were asked to make a reverse just in the air because of the low visibility conditions. "

- The world best airport is now determined
"The Dubai International Airport is recognized to be the world best airport in 2015 by WorldRoutes Marketing Award. The airport is considered to be the busiest one: the passenger traffic exceeds 50 million people each year. Having been recently modernized the airport is now able to serve about 80 million passengers each year.
Among the airports with an average passenger capability (i.e. from 20 to 50 million people) the Copenhagen International Airport was recognized to be the best one. The first place took Prague among the airports with passenger traffic of 20 million people.
It should be mentioned that no Russian airports showed up in the rate list. "