Map Page 1113 Area 679,362 square mi (1,759,540 square km) Population 5,499,074 Capital Tripoli Highest Point 7,437 ft (2,267 m) Lowest Point -154 ft (-47 m) GDP per capita $7,600 Primary Natural Resources crude oil, petroleum products.
A RELATIVELY LARGE country, similar in size to the state of ALASKA, Libya largely consists of broad rolling deserts, barren rock inselbergs and immense dune fields or ERGS.
It is a landscape of sandstorms; hot dusty wind, or ghibli; an expanding desert; and scarce water.
More than 90 percent of the country is considered arid or semiarid.
It primary cities are all located on the MEDITERRANEAN SEA coastline, which has facilitated its links across North Africa to Europe and western Asia.
Generally speaking, the Saharan plateau covers most of Libya.
The exceptions are in the northwest corner in a region known as Tripolitania and in the northeast in Cyrenaica, Libya's largest region.
The Tripolitania region, which runs north to south, is a string of carefully cultivated coastal oases in addition to the triangular Al-Jifarah plain, and the Nafusah Plateau, 200 mi (320 km) of limestone between 2,000 and 3,000 ft (600 to 915 m) in elevation.
Libya has no perennial rivers, but there are extensive underground aquifers that support artesian wells and springs.
Libya's arid desert climate is moderated along the coast by the Mediterranean Sea.
Precipitation ranges from 16 to 20 in (40 to 50 cm) in the northern hills to less than 5 in (12 cm) throughout most of the south, and to 1 in (2.5 cm) in the Libyan Desert.
Droughts are common, meaning natural vegetation is minimal.
Libya's principal mineral resource is its reserves of petroleum, Africa's largest and among the world's largest.
Since it earliest days as a major Phoenician and Roman territory on the North African coast of the Mediterranean Sea, Libya has been raided and colonized by Vandals, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and Italians until its independence in 1951.
Only a few years later, the country changed dramatically with the discovery of enormous oil reserves.
In 1969, a 27-year-old Muammar Qaddafi led a successful coup to gain control of the nation.
Qaddafi has been victorious in removing any imprints of previous cultures to create a landscape from his own vision.
Based upon his Third International Theory, he created a political system combining Islam and socialism.
Using petroleum revenues in the 1970s and 1980s to promote political ideologies (including supporting terrorist activities) throughout the region, Libya prompted the United Nations (UN) to impose economic sanctions after the Lockerbie terrorist bombing was suspected to have had Libyan ties.
The sanctions were then lifted in April 1999 when Qaddafi handed over Lockerbie bombing suspects.
- Will it be possible for tourists to access the most Jerusalem’s holy sites?
"Police is limiting the access beyond the fortress walls of the Old City due to the following clashes between Israelis and Palestinians.
Following the accident in which a Palestinian has killed two people on the street in Jerusalem and his brother has stabbed the Israeli teenager the mass uprisings have begun. Being afraid of the clashes between Israelis and Palestinians police has made a decision that only local residents are allowed to visit the Old City. This also refers to the tourists only if they stayed in the hotels located in the old part of the city.
Other tourists wishing to enter the Old City will not be able to visit it. And this is the place where the main Holy land sites are located: the temple “of the Holy Sepulcher”, the Wailing Wall, the Via Dolorosa, the Citadel of David with its museum of city history, crusaders’ street, the Temple Mount with the Al-Aqsa golden-domed mosque. The authorities report that it is likely that tomorrow everyone will be welcomed to enter."
- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "