Introduction of Lahore
City and capital of the Punjab, 150 mi SSE of Islamabad, E central Pakistan. It was founded, according to legend, by Loh son of Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana. It was conquered in 1036 by Muslim Turkish Ghaznivids who made it the capital of their empire in 1106. The city suffered in the 13th and 14th centuries from Mongol raids but in the 16th century became one of the capitals of the Mogul Empire, though it declined after the reign of Aurangzeb. Annexed by the Sikhs under Ranjit Singh in 1767, it became their capital and passed to the British in 1849. Today it is the second-largest city in Pakistan, with architectural remains of the Mogul period that are splendid examples of their art. The University of Punjab, founded in 1882, is the oldest in Pakistan, and the Museum of Indian Antiquities is one of the most noted in the East.