Map Page 1119 Area 76,641 square mi (198,500 square km) Population 4,892,808 Capital Bishkek Highest Point 24,407 ft (7,439 m) Lowest Point 433 ft (132 m) GDP per capita $1,600 Primary Natural Resources hydropower, gold, coal, oil.
LANDLOCKED AND MOUNTAINOUS, the Kyrgyz Republic achieved its independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Kyrgyzstan features spectacular mountain vistas and incredible natural beauty reminiscent of SWITZERLAND.
Despite its natural beauty and recent attempts to develop a thriving tourist industry, Kyrgyzstan remains mired in poverty.
Additional challenges include implementing democracy, combating ethnic tensions, and thwarting terrorism.
Central Asia's second-smallest country in terms of area, Kyrgyzstan borders KAZAKHSTAN to the north, CHINA to the east, TAJIKISTAN to the south, and UZBEKISTAN to the west.
Kyrgyzstan is dominated by the TIAN SHAN (primarily) and Pamir (in the south) mountain ranges.
The vast majority of the country (roughly 75 percent) is continuously covered by snow and glaciers.
Traversing the Tian Shan remains relatively difficult, as a summer trip from the northern capital of Bishkek to the southern second-largest city of Osh (a distance of 186 mi or 300 km) takes more than 10 hours by automobile.
Kyrgyzstan is also home to numerous alpine lakes, the largest and deepest of which is Lake Issyk-Kul, located near the Kazakh border in the north.
The lake reaches a depth of 2,300 ft (700 m); its clear, sky-blue water and health resorts make the lake a popular tourist destination.
For a country its size, Kyrgyzstan has surprising climatic variability, ranging from polar to dry continental through the mountains, to temperate northern foothills, to subtropical in the southwest.
Kyrgyzstan's most valuable natural resource may be its gold deposits.
The Kyrgyz republic was home to the Soviet Union's largest gold mine (Makmal), which continues to be one of the largest proven gold reserves in the world.
Kyrgyzstan's population is ethnically diverse, including Kyrgyz (64.9 percent), Uzbek (13.8 percent), Russian (12.5 percent), Dungan (1.1 percent), Ukrainian (1 percent), and Uygyr (1 percent) peoples.
Population distribution is concentrated in the Fergana, Talas, and Chu valleys and is centered in the cities of Bishkek (the capital, 2004 population 866,300) and Osh (2004 population 229,700).
Most citizens are adherents to the religion of Islam (75 percent), although a sizable minority of Russian Orthodox (20 percent) exists.
A secular state, Kyrgyzstan has two official languages, Kyrgyz and Russian.
Kyrgyzstan's economy, like that of other poor countries, is dominated by the agricultural sector.
A full 55 percent of the labor force is engaged in farming.
Nomadic herders raise sheep (for both meat and wool), cattle, and yaks.
Other agricultural products include cotton, tobacco, and a variety of vegetables.
Industry, which accounts for just 15 percent of the labor force, is limited to gold, small machinery, textiles, and food processing.
During its first decade of independence, Kyrgyzstan implemented more market-oriented economic reform but experienced slower economic growth than the other former Soviet republics of Central Asia.
Perhaps the most pressing geographical/political issue facing Kyrgyzstan is its complex western boundary with Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.
Three large Tajik exclaves exist entirely within Kyrgyzstan's borders, and a serious boundary dispute continues with Uzbekistan.
Here, seemingly arbitrary boundaries fragment ethnic groups and unite dissimilar peoples.
Kyrgyzstan's relative location has also fostered a growing problem of illegal narcotics traffic.
The country has become a corridor for the movement of opium and heroin produced in AFGHANISTAN and Tajikistan, bound for the European market.
Combating terrorism represents an additional problem confronting Kyrgyzstan.
Radical Islam has penetrated the country, and Osh is considered by many to be the Soviet Central Asian headquarters of Wahhabism.
- Dubai is announcing another motor festival
"The Emirates invite everyone to take part in the holiday devoted to the car festival that takes place from November 10 to 21, 2015.
A 12-day festival offers all the guests in Dubai to see a drift show, have a look at the last car models and of course make a selfie. Tourists will also have a possibility to witness the grand motor parade, where retro cars, trucks and motorcycles will be present. Motor “march” will cover the central streets of the city.
Car owners will take part in the most unusual car contest. Tourists are free to see all those weird cars in the contest. An 80,000 sq m “iron horse” exhibition will be also held during the event. Tourists will also enjoy the Dubai international rally, which is an important part of the festival. You can have a chance to take a sit in the car you are dreaming of. "
- Police in Dubai again start “hunting” the tourists
"The guards will be picking up the kissing tourists.
It is reported that the more Dubai city becomes popular year after year the more tourists come to the Emirates who are not so obedient to Islamic law. The UAE authorities decided to fight for its citizens who are offended by tourists who allow themselves to kiss in public places. In order to explain to the country’s guests that such a behavior is not acceptable the Emirates authorities will make up a project named “Welcome to UAE”.
Resulting this campaign the billboards will be posted throughout the city demonstrating the standards of decency and the authorities will also share law booklets to the foreigners. It is planned that tourists will be able to get such booklets at the malls and coasts. Taxi drivers and hotel staff will have to pass a special training so that they could then explain tourists the rules of conduct in the country.
It is stated that a street kiss in Dubai is punished by a big fine, however, the police seldom fines the tourists, usually the issue ends up with just a simple warning. "