Introduction of Karlsruhe
City on the Rhine River 35 mi S of Mannheim. Founded by Karl Wilhelm, margrave of Baden-Durlach, as his residence in 1715, from 1717 on it was capital of the duchy and later of the state of Baden. It was laid out in the 19th century with neoclassical buildings on streets in a radial pattern formed around his palace. Much damage occurred in World War II. The technical college here is Germany’s oldest, founded in 1825. Heinrich Hertz discovered radio waves here. The city is now the seat of justice of the federal republic.