Introduction of Jalisco
State in W central Mexico, bounded on the W by the Pacific Ocean, with its capital at Guadalajara. The area was conquered by the Spanish in 1529 and later became part of Nueva Galicia. Just prior to the War of Reform of 1858 to 1861, Jalisco played an important part in the liberal revolution launched by the Plan of Ayutla, a reform program created in 1854. France occupied the state during the wars of intervention until its recapture in 1866.