JAKARTA, LOCATED on the island of JAVA, is the capital of INDONESIA and serves as a gateway to the country.
Java is located in a chain of islands, with SUMATRA to the northwest, Bali to the east, BORNEO to the northeast, and CHRISTMAS ISLAND to the south.
It is the world's 13th-largest island.
The huge city of Jakarta covers more than 410 square mi (650 square km) and has a population of over 9 million people.
Besides serving as government headquarters, Jakarta is the center of Indonesian business and industry.
Jakarta is different from other cities in Indonesia because it has the status of a province and its government is administered by a governor rather than a mayor.
Jakarta has a colorful history.
As the port of Sunda Kalapa, it was the last Hindu kingdom in the area when the Portuguese arrived in 1522 to take advantage of the spice trade.
Their tenure was short-lived, as they were driven out in 1527 by the Muslim leader Sunan Ganugjati.
He named the city Jaykarta, meaning "City of Great Victory." By the early 17th century, both English and Dutch merchants were in the area.
When the Dutch took over Indonesia, they changed the name to Batavia.
In World War II, the Japanese captured the city and changed its name to Jakarta, mainly to gain the sympathy of the Indonesians.
When the war ended and Indonesia gained its freedom, the name Jakarta was retained.
The city has a definite cosmopolitan flavor and diverse culture.
Jakarta attracts many immigrants whose cultures have contributed to the overall lifestyle of the city.
The Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature Park) pays tribute to the cultures of Indonesia's 27 provinces.
The 250-acre (100- hectare) park is Jakarta's most visited attraction.
Jakarta's major problems are the result of the rapid growth of the city in the past 40 years.
During that time, the population has skyrocketed from 2.7 million to over 9 million.
The government has not been able to provide for the basic needs of its residents.
Jakarta suffers from floods during the wet season, when sewage pipes and waterways become clogged with debris.
The depletion of the RAINFOREST on the hills south of the city has also contributed to flooding.
LIFE IN JAKARTA About a third of Jakarta's population lives in abject poverty, many in squalid settlements made up of huts with earthen floors.
They eke out a meager living by selling cigarettes, shining shoes, and scavenging food.
The heat and smog of the city make it a hard existence.
Traffic in Jakarta is horrendous, with motorcycles, three-wheeled taxis, dented buses, and pedicabs jockeying for position.
Residents and tourists spend countless hours stuck in traffic jams.
In an attempt to reduce traffic jams, some major roads now allow only cars with at least three people to be operated during rush hour.
Other forms of transportation include railroads.
Two monorail systems are being built, and the government is considering a network of water buses along the canals of Jakarta.

Jakarta Images

Last News

- Another European railway strike
"The French railway strike is planned on October 8, and Belgium strike will be held the next day.
It is supposed that French train staff will stop working on the evening of October 7 and will resume it by the morning 9 October. The aim of the strike is to attract the attention of the authorities due to the worsened working conditions and also their payment dissatisfaction. To be more precise, the trade unions want to reassure the authorities not to reform the Labor Code and pension payroll system.
Their Belgium colleagues wish to come up with the same requirements. It was also reported that high-speed trains Eurostar will be routed between London and Lille without reaching Brussels due to the strike. Thalys trains connecting Belgium and French capital cities will be canceled. The tourists would better think of an alternative way or choose some other means of transport. "

- Dubai is announcing another motor festival
"The Emirates invite everyone to take part in the holiday devoted to the car festival that takes place from November 10 to 21, 2015.
A 12-day festival offers all the guests in Dubai to see a drift show, have a look at the last car models and of course make a selfie. Tourists will also have a possibility to witness the grand motor parade, where retro cars, trucks and motorcycles will be present. Motor “march” will cover the central streets of the city.
Car owners will take part in the most unusual car contest. Tourists are free to see all those weird cars in the contest. An 80,000 sq m “iron horse” exhibition will be also held during the event. Tourists will also enjoy the Dubai international rally, which is an important part of the festival. You can have a chance to take a sit in the car you are dreaming of. "