THE SECOND-largest island (after TAIWAN) in CHINA with an area of 13,104 square mi (33,940 square km), Hainan Island is the most southerly province located in the South China Sea.
The island is situated south of Guangdong province and west of VIETNAM.
The topographic structure of the island resembles a staircase, with towering mountains in the middle and descending hills, plateaus, and plains toward the periphery.
Hainan Island enjoys a tropical maritime climate with abundant rainfall and year-round sunshine.
The annual average temperature is about 77 degrees F (25 degrees C) and the average rainfall is 63 in (160 cm).
Winter and spring are considered the dry seasons, while summer and autumn are wet.
Good sunlight, heat and water allow a rich variety of crops like rice, tropical fruits, and coconut to be cultivated on the island.
It is rich in mineral resources such as salt, natural gas, iron ore, and oil.
But the island is also exposed to tropical storms and typhoons that hit the southeastern coast from July to September.
Although geologically stable, it has a history of volcanic eruptions and mild earthquakes.
Diseases ranging from malaria to mosquito-borne viruses plague the island.
Hainan Island is home to over 4,200 plant species and some 560 animal species, making it a destination for researchers.
But deforestation could well threaten species extinction.
The island is also a growing destination for tourists.
Mainland Chinese and foreigners mostly flock to the southern coastal city of Sanya for surf and sun.
In addition, the island has played host to international events like the Miss World Contest and Boao Forum for Asia.
Historically, the Li ethnic peoples were the first to inhabit the island 3,000 years ago.
Other ethnic groups include the Miao and Hui peoples.
The Han Chinese form the majority group.
Backward and remote, the island was a place for exiles.
In the early 20th century, many Hainanese emigrated abroad in search of a better life.
Today, about 2 million Hainan Chinese are scattered in 53 countries worldwide.
In 1988, the island was made a special economic zone to boost foreign investment.
The gross domestic product has increased tremendously, but economic development has gone through some boom-and-bust cycles.
While rubber and agriculture are traditional industries, tourism, petrochemicals, biopharmaceuticals and machinery and electronic industries are expanding.
- Airplane was forced to land because of the broken coffee machine
"SAS plane routing from Stockholm to Chicago was forced to make an emergency landing by a faulty coffee maker.
The carrier’s reps report that the flight something got short-circuited. The crew realized that there was a smell of smoke and after that the decision to make an emergency landing at the Greenland airport was made. It is stated that there was no panic aboard: all the passengers remained at their seats till the full landing.
Causing the coffee machine breakdown had to stay at a hotel overnight in Greenland; the next day the plane departed for Chicago. "
- The British avoid visiting Islamic countries
"The research has revealed that 75% of British citizens are not eager to go on vacation to any Islamic countries due to the possible terror acts.
It is reported that Canary Islands and North Africa were always the most visited places by the British. However, following the terror acts in Tunis only one British out of four would prefer to go there. 54% of the surveyed stated that safety should be in the first place when traveling and 33% said that doubt about traveling to the countries which are considered to be dangerous for tourists. That is why in the upcoming winter season the British will likely go to Western European countries and the USA rather than visiting Tunis, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and Thailand. "