Map Page 1113 Area 94,925 square mi (245,857 square km) Population 9,030,220 Capital Conakry Highest Point 5,748 ft (1,752 m) Lowest Point 0 m GDP per capita $340 Primary Natural Resources bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, precious metals.
GUINEA IS LOCATED in the southwestern part of West Africa.
It is bordered by GUINEA-BISSAU, SENEGAL, and MALI to the north, by COTE D'IVOIRE to the east and southeast, by LIBERIA and SIERRA LEONE to the south, and by the ATLANTIC OCEAN to the west.
Guinea is a humid tropical country with four main geographic regions.
There are alluvial coastal plains in Lower Guinea; the mountainous Fouta Djallon highlands in Middle Guinea, with an average elevation of 3,000 ft (915 m); the northern savanna in Upper Guinea; and the southeastern rainforest in Forest Guinea, which includes the Nimba Mountains.
Lower Guinea, also known as Maritime Guinea, stretches from the Atlantic Ocean inland to and including the foothills of the Fouta Djallon mountains.
Tides along the coast are very high, reaching 15 ft (4.5 m), and creating an area of brackish marshes and estuaries that stretch many miles inland.
Past these swamps is the alluvial plain, which is on average 30 mi (48 km) wide.
Periods of heavy rain cover these plains resulting in soggy soil, but this along with the equatorial heat favor agriculture in this area.
The people of Guinea grow rice, millet, maize, oil palms, kola trees, and in the southern part of Lower Guinea, bananas and pineapples.
Originally living in this area were the medieval Ghana people; later it became part of the Mali Empire.
Currently, the Soussous inhabit this area.
Middle Guinea is covered by the Fouta Djallon Mountains, which consist of a mass of complex, elevated, relatively level plateaus.
In many places, these plateaus are cut with deep, steep-walled valleys.
Most of these valleys extend for long distances; many are at right angles to each other, creating a checkerboard appearance to the region.
Many of the major African rivers begin in this area, including the Gambia, the Senegal, the NIGER, and 19 others.
Living in Middle Guinea are the Peuhl, who raise cattle in the highlands.
Upper Guinea stretches east of the Fouta Djallon and is covered in tall grass savannas.
This area is cut by a long rocky spur stretching eastward along the Mali border for over 100 mi (160 km).
Some shorter spurs also stretch east from the Fouta Djallon.
Along the western border with Mali are rounded granite domes rising above the plains.
This area is inhabited by the Malinke people, who also make up part of the inhabitants of the Forest region.
Forest Guinea covers the southeastern corner of Guinea.
This area has several peaks above 4,000 ft (1,220 m).
Many of these peaks are lightly forested and have crests of bare rocks.
Below 2,000 ft (610 m), this area is covered in dense rainforest.
The Malinke and other small groups, including the Gerze and Toma peoples, inhabit this area.
They raise cattle and cultivate crops of rice, maize, cassava, bananas, coffee, kola trees, and oil palms.
FRANCE gained control of Guinea in 1898 when it defeated the armies of Samori Toure, a warlord and leader of Malinke descent.
The French negotiated for the boundaries of Guinea that are in use today.
On October 2, 1958, France withdrew from Guinea in the face of the Democratic Party of Guinea, led by Sekou Toure and backed by almost the entire native population of Guinea.
Guinea became a dictatorship until Toure's death in 1984.
Since then, President General Lansana Conte has created civilian rule and democratic reform in Guinea.
- The world best airport is now determined
"The Dubai International Airport is recognized to be the world best airport in 2015 by WorldRoutes Marketing Award. The airport is considered to be the busiest one: the passenger traffic exceeds 50 million people each year. Having been recently modernized the airport is now able to serve about 80 million passengers each year.
Among the airports with an average passenger capability (i.e. from 20 to 50 million people) the Copenhagen International Airport was recognized to be the best one. The first place took Prague among the airports with passenger traffic of 20 million people.
It should be mentioned that no Russian airports showed up in the rate list. "
- The British avoid visiting Islamic countries
"The research has revealed that 75% of British citizens are not eager to go on vacation to any Islamic countries due to the possible terror acts.
It is reported that Canary Islands and North Africa were always the most visited places by the British. However, following the terror acts in Tunis only one British out of four would prefer to go there. 54% of the surveyed stated that safety should be in the first place when traveling and 33% said that doubt about traveling to the countries which are considered to be dangerous for tourists. That is why in the upcoming winter season the British will likely go to Western European countries and the USA rather than visiting Tunis, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and Thailand. "